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Guillen v. Rocha

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 191 (9th Cir. 2010)

Opinion

No. 08-17308.

Submitted November 16, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 22, 2010.

Marcos C. Guillen, San Diego, CA, pro se.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Ronald M. Whyte, District Judge, Pre-siding. D.C. No. 5:06-cv-05176-RMW.

Before: TASHIMA, BERZON, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.



MEMORANDUM

This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3.

California state prisoner Marcos C. Guillen appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action, without prejudice, for failure to exhaust administrative remedies as required by the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo. Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1117 (9th Cir. 2003) (dismissal for failure to exhaust administrative remedies); Barren v. Harrington, 152 F.3d 1193, 1194 (9th Cir. 1998) (order) (dismissal under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)). We vacate and remand.

The district court determined at screening that Guillen did not properly exhaust administrative remedies because he stated in his complaint that he did not appeal his grievances to the highest level of administrative review. However, Guillen contends that prison officials improperly screened his grievances, preventing him from appealing to the highest level. We recently clarified that improper screening of an inmate's grievances renders administrative remedies "effectively unavailable" such that exhaustion is not required under the PLRA. Sapp v. Kimbrell, 623 F.3d 813, 826-27 (9th Cir. 2010). Moreover, defendants bear the burden of raising and proving failure to exhaust administrative remedies. Wyatt v. Terhune, 315 F.3d 1108, 1119 (9th Cir. 2003). We therefore cannot say at this early juncture that Guillen failed to exhaust all available administrative remedies. See id. at 1120 ("A prisoner's concession to nonexhaustion is a valid ground for dismissal, so long as no exception to exhaustion applies.").

Guillen shall bear his own costs on appeal.

VACATED and REMANDED.


Summaries of

Guillen v. Rocha

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 191 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Guillen v. Rocha

Case Details

Full title:Marcos C. GUILLEN, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. ROCHA, Correctional Officer…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 22, 2010

Citations

404 F. App'x 191 (9th Cir. 2010)