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Ghazaryan v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 1, 2010
402 F. App'x 255 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 07-72598.

Submitted October 19, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 1, 2010.

Marina Kab, Law Offices of Marina Kab, Encino, CA, for Petitioner.

Chief Counsel Ice, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, Stuart Nickum, Trial, Tim Ramnitz, Trial, DOJ-U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency No. A095-575-483.

Before: O'SCANNLAIN, LEAVY, and TALLMAN, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Arevik Ghazaryan, a native and citizen of Armenia, petitions for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' order dismissing her appeal from an immigration judge's ("IJ") decision denying her application for asylum, withholding of removal, and protection under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence an adverse credibility finding, Rivera v. Mukasey, 508 F.3d 1271, 1274 (9th Cir. 2007), and review de novo claims of due process violations, Colmenar v. INS, 210 F.3d 967, 971 (9th Cir. 2000). We deny the petition for review.

Substantial evidence supports the IJ's adverse credibility determination because of the multiple inconsistencies within Ghazaryan's testimony and between her testimony and declaration concerning the years of her alleged encounters with the police, see Don v. Gonzales, 476 F.3d 738, 741 (9th Cir. 2007) and based on Ghazaryan's voluntary return to Armenia in 2000, see Loho v. Mukasey, 531 F.3d 1016, 1018-19 (9th Cir. 2008). The IJ properly rejected Ghazaryan's explanations for the inconsistencies. See Rivera, 508 F.3d at 1275 (9th Cir. 2007). In the absence of credible testimony, Ghazaryan's asylum and withholding of removal claims fail. See Farah v. Ashcroft, 348 F.3d 1153, 1156 (9th Cir. 2003).

Because Ghazaryan's CAT claim is based on the testimony the IJ found not credible, and she points to no other evidence to show it is more likely than not she would be tortured if returned to Armenia, her CAT claim fails. See id. at 1156-57.

Ghazaryan contends her due process rights were violated when the government did not make the author of an investigative report available for cross-examination. The proceedings were not "so fundamentally unfair that [she] was prevented from reasonably presenting [her] case" because the IJ continued the hearing so Ghazaryan could respond to the report and Ghazaryan did not seek to cross-examine the report's author. See Colmenar v. INS, 210 F.3d at 971 (internal quotation and citation omitted).


Summaries of

Ghazaryan v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 1, 2010
402 F. App'x 255 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Ghazaryan v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:Arevik GHAZARYAN, Petitioner, v. Eric H. HOLDER, Jr., Attorney General…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 1, 2010


402 F. App'x 255 (9th Cir. 2010)