Hardison, Commissioner

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
Court of Appeals of GeorgiaSep 16, 1983
168 Ga. App. 36 (Ga. Ct. App. 1983)
168 Ga. App. 36308 S.E.2d 47

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Habitual violator. Chatham Superior Court. Before Judge Cheatham.

W. Jan Jankowski, for appellant.

Michael J. Bowers, Attorney General, Victoria H. Soto, Staff Assistant Attorney General, for appellee.

On May 5, 1982, the Department of Public Safety declared the appellant an habitual violator and revoked his driver's license pursuant to the provisions of former Code Ann. § 68B-308 (b) (1) (C) (currently OCGA § 40-5-58 (a) (1) (C)). This action was based on his two convictions in 1981 for driving under the influence and his conviction in 1979 for reckless driving. The revocation was affirmed by the Commissioner following an administrative hearing on July 28, 1982. The case was then appealed to the superior court, which affirmed the decision of the Commissioner on January 28, 1983.

At issue in this discretionary appeal is whether Ga. L. 1982, p. 867, which deleted the offense of reckless driving from those offenses which contribute to habitual violator status under OCGA § 40-5-58 (a) (1) (C) (Code Ann. § 68B-308), should have been given retroactive effect so as to require the reversal of the department's section by the superior court. The amendment, which became effective on November 1, 1982, does not specify whether it was intended to have prospective or retrospective effect. Held:

In Williams v. Cofer, 246 Ga. 344 (3) ( 271 S.E.2d 486) (1980), the Supreme Court, overruling Cofer v. Gurley, 146 Ga. App. 420 ( 246 S.E.2d 436) (1978), held that an amendment to former Code Ann. § 68B-307 (OCGA § 40-5-57) reducing the number of points to be assessed for a certain traffic offense applied retrospectively to encompass offenses which had already occurred at the time the statute became effective. The basis for this ruling was the following holding from Southern Discount Co. v. Ector, 246 Ga. 30 ( 268 S.E.2d 621) (1980): "Forfeitures and penalties are not favored. Courts should construe statutes relieving against forfeitures and penalties liberally so as to afford maximum relief." We hold that Williams is controlling in the case before us now and that the superior court was consequently required by the 1982 amendment to OCGA § 40-5-58 (a) (1) (C) (Code Ann. § 68B-308) to disregard the appellant's 1979 reckless driving conviction in assessing the sufficiency of the evidence to support the revocation of his license pursuant to that code section.

The cases of Israel v. Cofer, 152 Ga. App. 248 (2) ( 262 S.E.2d 545) (1979), and Kelly v. Cofer, 150 Ga. App. 24 ( 256 S.E.2d 635) (1979), are not authority for a contrary ruling, as the amendment at issue in those cases contained an express provision requiring prospective rather than retrospective application. We must reject the department's contention that the 1982 amendment to OCGA § 40-5-58 (Code Ann. § 68B-308) cannot be applied to a case such as this, where the final determination of habitual violator status had already been made by the Commissioner prior to the effective date of the amendment. "On appeal we apply the law as it exists at the time of appeal rather than the law prevailing at the rendition of the judgment under review; we may reverse a judgment that was correct when rendered, where the law has been changed in the meantime and where no vested right will be impaired. City of Valdosta v. Singleton, 197 Ga. 194, 208 ( 28 S.E.2d 759)." Hensel Phelps Constr. Co. v. Johnson, 161 Ga. App. 631 ( 295 S.E.2d 843) (1982).

Judgment reversed. Deen, P. J., and Carley, J., concur.