United States

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Civil Action No. 18-2153 (UNA) (D.D.C. Oct. 23, 2018)

Civil Action No. 18-2153 (UNA)


Ryan Gallagher, Petitioner, v. United States of America, Respondent.


Petitioner, appearing pro se, has filed a Petition for Writ of Mandamus under the All Writs Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1651, and an application to proceed in forma pauperis. The Court will grant the application and will dismiss this case for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) (requiring dismissal of an action "at any time" the Court determines that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction).

The All Writs Act authorizes this Court to "issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of [its] respective jurisdiction[.]" 28 U.S.C. § 1651. The Act "is most commonly invoked by a federal circuit court of appeals to issue a writ of mandamus to a district court judge, or by the Supreme Court to issue a writ to a lower court judge." United States v. Choi, 818 F. Supp. 2d 79, 84 (D.D.C. 2011) (citing Allied Chemical Corp. v. Daiflon, Inc., 449 U.S. 33, 35 (1980)). The instant petition is difficult to follow but appears to seek to compel action in cases pending in other courts. See Pet. at 1 (listing civil case numbers and mentioning district and appellate courts in Texas).

As a general rule applicable here, a federal district court lacks jurisdiction to review the decisions of other courts. See Choi, 818 F. Supp. 2d at 85 (district courts "generally lack[] appellate jurisdiction over other judicial bodies, and cannot exercise appellate mandamus over other courts.") (citing Lewis v. Green, 629 F. Supp. 546, 553 (D.D.C. 1986)); accord Atchison v. U.S. Dist. Courts, 240 F. Supp. 3d 121, 126, n.6 (D.D.C. 2017) ("It is a well-established principle that a district court can neither review the decisions of its sister court nor compel it to act."); see also Fleming v. United States, 847 F. Supp. 170, 172 (D.D.C. 1994), cert. denied 513 U.S. 1150 (1995) (noting that "[b]y filing a complaint in this Court against . . . judges who have done nothing more than their duty . . . Fleming has instituted a meritless action") (applying District of Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462, 482 (1983); Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Co., 263 U.S. 413, 415, 416 (1923)). Therefore, this case will be dismissed. A separate order accompanies this Memorandum Opinion. Date: October 23, 2018


United States District Judge

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