CASE NO. 1:18-cv-212-MW-GRJ
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Plaintiff, an inmate in the custody of the Florida Department of Corrections at Mayo Correctional Institution, initiated this case by filing handwritten pleadings construed as a prisoner civil rights complaint in the Middle District of Florida. ECF No. 1. The Complaint stems from the conditions of confinement at Mayo CI, and therefore the case was transferred to this Court. ECF No. 2.
Plaintiff purports to sue on behalf of himself and 450 other inmates because of "contaminated water" at Mayo CI. Plaintiff alleges that prison officials have retaliated against him for filing grievances about water quality. Such retaliation has included disciplinary reports leading to "false" and "illegal" administrative confinement, deprivation of legal property, and loss of other privileges. ECF No. 1.
This Complaint is identical to a previous case filed by Plaintiff in this Court, Frazier v. Lamb, Case No. 1:18-cv-205-MW-GRJ, and suffers from the same defects. The Complaint is deficient because Plaintiff failed to use the Court's form for prisoner civil rights complaints. Pursuant to Fla. N.D. Local Rule 5.7(A), the Court "need not-and ordinarily will not-consider a . . . complaint that is not filed on the proper form." Further, Plaintiff did not pay the $400.00 filing fee, nor did he file a motion for leave to proceed as a pauper. And lastly, Plaintiff's claims are not cognizable to the extent that he attempts to assert claims on behalf of other inmates, which he cannot do as a pro se litigant. The Court will not require Plaintiff to correct these deficiencies because, as with the previous Complaint making the same claims, this case is due to be dismissed pursuant to the three-strikes bar under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
Plaintiff is subject to the three-strikes bar because he has had three or more prior civil actions or appeals dismissed on the grounds that they were frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted: (1) Frazier v. Moore, 3:03-cv-08-RH (N.D. Fla. June 5, 2003); (2) Frazier v. Buss, 4:11-cv-98-SPM-WCS (N.D. Fla. July 15, 2011); (3) Frazier v. Adams, 2:12-cv-14220-JEM (S.D. Fla. Aug. 15, 2012). Additionally, Plaintiff conceded he was a three-striker in a prior case before this Court; however, the defendants in that case paid the filing fee upon removal of the case to federal court. See Frazier v. Jones, 4:16-cv-281-MW-GRJ (N.D. Fla. Oct. 28, 2016). This Court has confirmed that the inmate identification number of the plaintiff in the previous cases is the same as Plaintiff's inmate identification number in this case: 099699.
Plaintiff is therefore barred from proceeding as a pauper in a civil action unless he is under "imminent danger of serious physical injury." § 1915(g). The relevant inquiry is "whether [the] complaint, as a whole, alleges imminent danger of serious physical injury." Brown v. Johnson, 387 F.3d 1344, 1350 (11th Cir. 2004). General allegations that are not grounded in specific facts which indicate that serious physical injury is imminent are not sufficient to invoke the exception to § 1915(g). See Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8th Cir. 2003). The plaintiff must make "specific fact allegations of ongoing serious physical injury, or a pattern of misconduct evidencing the likelihood of imminent serious physical injury." Id. Vague allegations of harm and unspecific references to injury are insufficient. White v. Colorado, 157 F.3d 1226, 1231 (10th Cir. 1998). A claim by a prisoner that he faced a past imminent danger is insufficient to allow him to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to the imminent danger exception. Medberry v. Butler, 185 F.3d 1189, 1193 (11th Cir. 1999) (holding that the exception is not triggered where threat of assault by other prisoners ceased to exist when plaintiff was placed in administrative confinement prior to filing of his complaint); see also Lewis v. Sullivan, 279 F.3d 526, 531 (7th Cir. 2002) (imminent danger exception is construed narrowly and available only "for genuine emergencies," where "time is pressing" and "a threat . . . is real and proximate.").
Plaintiff conclusionally alleges that the water quality at Mayo CI poses an "imminent danger" to himself and other inmates. ECF No. 1. Plaintiff's conclusional assertion is insufficient to overcome the three-strikes bar. Additionally, the punishments imposed as a consequence of Plaintiff's disciplinary convictions do not suggest the existence of any imminent danger to Plaintiff. See id.
Accordingly, the Court concludes that the three-strikes provision of § 1915(g) bars Plaintiff from bringing this case as a pauper. A prisoner who is no longer entitled to proceed as a pauper must pay the filing fee at the time he initiates the suit, and failure to do so warrants dismissal without prejudice. Dupree v. Palmer, 284 F.3d 1234, 1236 (11th Cir. 2002). Plaintiff did not pay the filing fee at the time he initiated this suit. This case is therefore due to be dismissed.
It is therefore respectfully RECOMMENDED that this case should be DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE pursuant to the three-strikes bar under 28 U.S.C § 1915(g).
IN CHAMBERS this 25th day of October 2018.
GARY R. JONES
United States Magistrate Judge
NOTICE TO THE PARTIES
Objections to these proposed findings and recommendations must be filed within fourteen (14) days after being served a copy thereof. Any different deadline that may appear on the electronic docket is for the court's internal use only , and does not control. A copy of objections shall be served upon all other parties. If a party fails to object to the magistrate judge's findings or recommendations as to any particular claim or issue contained in a report and recommendation, that party waives the right to challenge on appeal the district court's order based on the unobjected-to factual and legal conclusions. See 11th Cir. Rule 3-1; 28 U.S.C. § 636.