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Foster v. Carr

Supreme Court of California,Department Two
Dec 14, 1901
135 Cal. 83 (Cal. 1901)


S.F. No. 1910.

December 14, 1901.

APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Monterey County and from an order denying a new trial. N.A. Dorn, Judge.

The facts are stated in the opinion.

S.F. Geil, and J.W. Bryan, for Appellant.

G.A. Daugherty, and J.K. Alexander, for Respondent.

The defendant appeals from a judgment in favor of the plaintiff for the sum of $773.42 and from an order denying his motion for a new trial.

The case as presented by the record is as follows: The plaintiff and defendant were engaged in the business of dairying, under a written contract of date October 24, 1894, by the terms of which the defendant was to furnish four hundred cows and heifers, and also the lands required, and the defendant was to carry on the business, the expenses, with certain exceptions specified, to be borne by the latter. The term provided for was three years from November 1, 1894; but on August 28, 1896, the contract was terminated by agreement, and the property mentioned therein and certain joint property of the parties was turned over to the defendant, "for which [it is alleged in the complaint] he agreed to account." It is also alleged, in effect, that before and after the termination of the contract the defendant received moneys and other property of the firm, for which he refused to account, and that on a just accounting there would be due to the plaintiff the sum of $1,067.99, for which, and for an accounting, judgment is prayed. The allegations of the complaint, except as to the contract and its termination, are denied by the answer; and it is in effect alleged that there is a balance of $172 due to the defendant.

On the trial, which was before a jury, the plaintiff offered in evidence a written agreement of date August 25, 1896, providing for the termination of the contract, and for the assessment, by three arbitrators, therein named, of the value of the property owned jointly by the parties, and of the damages sustained by the plaintiff by reason of the termination of the contract, and for the payment by the defendant of half the values assessed, which was objected to by the defendant on the ground that it was "incompetent, immaterial, and irrelevant." There was also offered the award made in pursuance of this agreement, which was objected to on the same grounds, and on the further grounds "that it was not admissible for any purpose under the issues raised by the pleadings, and . . . . that it was not a valid award." But both documents were admitted, the defendant excepting.

There was no dispute as to the receipt by the defendant of the various articles enumerated in the award, and, as to many of them, the values assessed were stipulated to be correct. The only dispute was as to the values of the unadmitted items. With reference to these, other evidence of value was introduced by the parties, and special issues were submitted to the jury, on which a verdict was rendered. In some of the values found, the verdict agreed with the award; in others, it disagreed.

After the verdict, but before the final hearing, the plaintiff was permitted to amend his complaint, by adding the allegations that, in consideration of the consent of the plaintiff to terminate the contract before the expiration of the term agreed upon, the defendant agreed to pay him such damages as might be assessed by the three arbitrators named, and that the damages were accordingly assessed by them at two hundred dollars, and the amendment, it was agreed, should be considered as denied.

Afterwards, on the final hearing, the court held that one of the times of property assessed by the arbitrators should not have been included in the award, but that otherwise the the award was final and conclusive on the parties. Accordingly, the court finds the contract of August 25, 1896, and, with the exception of the item rejected, the award made in pursuance thereof, adopting the latter. But it also finds the same values "from the evidence and testimony submitted to and heard by [the] court, aside from the report and award" of the arbitrators.

The rejected item of the award was "22 1/2 acres of beets and carrots, at $25 per acre, $562.50," with reference to which the court finds, in effect, that there were twenty-two acres of growing beets and carrots, averaging, at the time of the termination of the contract, eight tons to the acre, and of the value of $3 per ton clear, amounting to the sum of $528, one half of which ($264) was due the plaintiff. From the facts found, and the admitted debits and credits, there resulted, as a balance in favor of the plaintiff, the amount of the judgment, $773.42.

It is urged by the appellant, — 1. That the award was invalid, for want of notice to the defendant of the times and places of meeting; 2. That, whether valid or otherwise, the agreement and award were inadmissible under the pleadings, and that the findings with regard thereto were outside the issues; and 3. That the finding as to value of the beets was not justified by the evidence.

1. With regard to the first point, it is not clear that the case was one in which notice to the parties was required. The parties named in the contract are indeed called "arbitrators," but the proceeding provided for was merely that of "appraisement or valuation, which, [it is said,] although binding on the parties, is not the submission of a controversy to arbitration, and is therefore not subject to the rules which govern arbitrators." (Methodist Episcopal Church v. Seitz, 74 Cal. 291 et seq.; Moore on Arbitration and Award, 143-144.) But, however this may be, it appears from the testimony of the arbitrators, and is not denied by the defendant, that he was present at the commencement of the proceeding, and told the arbitrators "to go ahead," and also that he was, by his own direction, represented throughout the proceedings by his foreman. This, and his taking possession of the property under the award, must be taken as a waiver of all objections to the action of the arbitrators.

2. The cause of action set out in the complaint seems to be simply for an accounting between partners, and neither the agreement for arbitration nor the award is pleaded. The cause of action proved and found was the agreement of the defendant to pay the values of the articles of property received by him, as the same should be assessed. There was therefore manifestly a variance between the complaint and the proofs offered; and these should have been excluded, or the complaint amended to conform to them. Nor was the error cured by the subsequent amendment, which pleaded only so much of the agreement and award as related to damages. Ordinarily, therefore, such an error would be ground for reversal. But here there is no dispute about the facts, which are all before us; nor can the case be varied on a new trial — for the only question involved is as to the values assessed, and as to these the award must be regarded as conclusive. It is clear, therefore, that the error was not prejudicial. (Code Civ. Proc., sec. 469; Edwards v. Wagner, 121 Cal. 376; Hughes v. Wheeler, 76 Cal. 233.)

3. With regard to the finding objected to, the point of the objection is that, according to the evidence, the beets therein referred to were worth not over $2.50, instead of $3, per acre, as found by the court; which would make a difference of $88 in the judgment. We do not, however, consider it necessary to determine the point. Under the agreement the arbitrators were empowered "to determine and award the value of all the feed now on hand, such as hay, grain, oilcake, etc."; and the arbitrators construed this as including the beets and carrots. This construction was confirmed by the conduct of the defendant and his agent, neither of whom made objection, though the latter was present during the proceeding, and the former took possession under the award. The court, therefore, we think, erred in rejecting this item of the award; but as its finding of value is something less than the value awarded, the error was to the advantage of the defendant.

We advise that the judgment and order appealed from be affirmed.

Gray, C., and Chipman, C., concurred.

For the reasons given in the foregoing opinion the judgment and order appealed from are affirmed.

McFarland, J., Temple, J., Henshaw, J.

Summaries of

Foster v. Carr

Supreme Court of California,Department Two
Dec 14, 1901
135 Cal. 83 (Cal. 1901)
Case details for

Foster v. Carr

Case Details

Full title:J.S. FOSTER, Respondent, v. J.S. CARR, Appellant

Court:Supreme Court of California,Department Two

Date published: Dec 14, 1901


135 Cal. 83 (Cal. 1901)
67 P. 43

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