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Fitch v. Corbett

Supreme Court of California
Sep 8, 1883
64 Cal. 150 (Cal. 1883)


         APPEAL from a judgment of the District Court of the Twenty-third Judicial District, and from an order refusing a new trial.

         The court below found that the defendant John J. Corbett, being insolvent, conveyed the real property in question by a deed of gift to his wife, Margaret A. Corbett, a co-defendant; that the deed was made "with intent and for the purpose of hindering, delaying, and defrauding his creditors, and particularly the plaintiff's assignor, E. M. Heistand, and with the intent and for the purpose of hindering, delaying, and preventing the said E. M. Heistand, the plaintiff's assignor, from collecting the claim then existing" in her favor against Corbett. It appeared that the indebtedness to plaintiff's assignor existed prior to the conveyance by Corbett to his wife, but the amount was not determined. This was fixed by a settlement made after the conveyance. Mrs. Heistand knew of the conveyance at the time of the settlement.


         Henry E. Highton, for Appellants, cited Barker v. Koneman, 13 Cal. 11; Kohner v. Ashenauer, 17 Cal. 582; Peck v. Brummagim, 31 Cal. 446; Dow v. Gould & Curry S.M. Co. 31 Cal. 629; Ingersoll v. Truebody, 40 Cal. 603; Woods v. Whitney, 42 Cal. 361; Higgins v. Higgins, 46 Cal. 263; Civ. Code, § 158; Civ. Code, § 3439; Pell v. Tredwell, 5 Wend. 661; Wilbur v. Fradenburgh, 52 Barb. 480; Van Wyck v. Seward, 6 Paige, 66.

         Texas Angel, H. D. Tuttle, and J. C. Bates, for Respondent, cited Bump on Fraudulent Conveyances, 268; Laughton v. Harden, 68 Me. 214; Swartz v. Hazlett, 8 Cal. 118; Trimble v. Ratcliff, 9 Mon. B. 513; Wise v. Moore, 31 Geo. 149; Freeman v. Burnham, 36 Conn. 473; Craig v. Gamble, 5 Fla. 430; Potter v. McDowell, 31 Mo. 72; Patten v. Casey, 57 Mo. 119; Cole v. Tyler, 65 N.Y. 73.


         PER CURIAM.

         This action was instituted to set aside a conveyance alleged to have been executed to hinder, delay, and defraud creditors, and especially one E. M. Heistand, the plaintiff's assignor, of her rights as creditor. Actual fraud is averred and found as a fact, and the finding is sustained by the evidence. It is argued that because Mrs. Heistand knew of the fraudulent conveyance that neither she nor her assignor can avoid it. We cannot see that there is any reason in this position, for if she was aware of the conveyance, and knew its fraudulent character, it was still void, and she has done nothing by which her right to proceed to annul it for fraud has been waived or given up. If she knew the character of the conveyance she knew that it was fraudulent, and by consequence void. ( Carter v. Castleberry, 5 Ala. (N.S.) 279.) Nor did she waive any right by settling with Corbett for seven thousand five hundred dollars. How the settlement of the 3d of July, 1878, purged the fraud we cannot conceive.

         The counsel for appellants is mistaken in viewing this case as a mere voluntary conveyance to the wife without actual fraud, and as only constructively fraudulent against existing creditors. It is, as we have said above, a case of actual fraud alleged, established, and found.

         We have examined the errors of law assigned and find none of them maintainable.

         Judgment and order affirmed.

         Hearing in Bank denied.

Summaries of

Fitch v. Corbett

Supreme Court of California
Sep 8, 1883
64 Cal. 150 (Cal. 1883)
Case details for

Fitch v. Corbett

Case Details


Court:Supreme Court of California

Date published: Sep 8, 1883


64 Cal. 150 (Cal. 1883)
28 P. 231

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