The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).
Filed November 1, 2010.
John A. Fabricius, II, Florence, AZ, pro se.
Maria R. Brandon, Esquire, Counsel, Phoenix, AZ, for Defendant-Appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Arizona, Mary H. Murguia, District Judge, Presiding. D.C. No. 2:06-cv-01105-MHM.
Before: O'SCANNLAIN, LEAVY, and TALLMAN, Circuit Judges.
This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.
John A. Fabncius, II, a pre-trial detainee, appeals pro se from the district court's summary judgment in his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action alleging a First Amendment violation based on the playing of holiday music, the denial of his due process rights during a disciplinary hearing, and the denial of his right to access the courts. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo. Inouye v. Kemna, 504 F.3d 705, 711 (9th Cir. 2007). We affirm.
The district court properly granted summary judgment on the Establishment Clause claim because Fabricius failed to raise a genuine issue of material fact as to whether the playing of holiday music had a secular purpose or whether it had the principal or primary effect of advancing religion. See Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602, 612-13, 91 S.Ct. 2105, 29 L.Ed.2d 745 (1971) (setting forth test for Establishment Clause violations).
The district court properly granted sum-mary judgment on the due process claim because Fabricius failed to raise a genuine issue of material fact as to whether he was afforded the protections outlined in Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539, 563-70, 94 S.Ct. 2963, 41 L.Ed.2d 935 (1974). Moreover, the record supports defendant Fisher's decision not to call witnesses at the disciplinary hearing. See id. at 566, 94 S.Ct. 2963 (prison officials may refuse to call witnesses based on "irrelevance, lack of necessity, or the hazards presented in individual cases").
The district court properly granted summary judgment on the access-to-courts claim because Fabricius failed to establish that defendant Mangan "personally participated in or directed a violation." James v. Rowlands, 606 F.3d 646, 653 n. 3 (9th Cir. 2010); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, ___ U.S. ___, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009) (there is no supervisory liability in section 1983 actions).
We have considered the remaining issues that Fabricius raises on appeal and conclude that his contentions are unpersuasive.