In E M Construction Company, Inc. v. Bob, 115 Ga. App. 127, 153 S.E.2d 641 (1967) recovery in tort was permitted when a contractor removed the siding from a house and did not take measures to protect the thus exposed house.Summary of this case from Kaiser Aluminum Chemical v. Ingersoll-Rand Co.
ARGUED JANUARY 4, 1967.
DECIDED JANUARY 19, 1967. REHEARING DENIED FEBRUARY 2, 1967.
Damages, etc. Fulton Civil Court. Before Judge Webb.
Fryer Harp, Joel J. Fryer, W. O. Rankin, III, for appellant.
William T. Brooks, James C. Abernathy, for appellee.
A petition alleging that a contractor to repair and re-side the plaintiff's house removed the siding in wet weather and failed to repair or replace it and failed to protect the house from foreseeable damage from the elements shows a breach of a duty imposed by law independent of the contract for repair of the house.
ARGUED JANUARY 4, 1967 — DECIDED JANUARY 19, 1967 — REHEARING DENIED FEBRUARY 2, 1967 — CERT. APPLIED FOR.
The defendant appeals from a judgment overruling its general demurrer to the plaintiff's petition. The petition alleged that the defendant contracted with the plaintiff to re-side and repair his house; that the defendant's employees, during the middle of the winter while weather was rainy, cold and wet, removed a portion of the existing siding from the house and failed and refused to replace it with new siding or to repair the removed siding; that the defendant was negligent in failing and refusing to replace or repair the removed siding and in failing to exercise a proper degree of care to protect the plaintiff's property from damage from the elements; and that as a result of such negligence water entered the interior of the house and damaged the interior walls and floors.
The defendant contends that the petition does not allege a breach of duty imposed by law independent of the contract, and is predicated, as was the case of Orkin Termite Co. v. Duffell, 97 Ga. App. 215 ( 102 S.E.2d 629) on negligence in failing to perform the contract and not on the negligent performance of such contract, and therefore failed to set out a cause of action ex delicto. The above allegations show that the defendant commenced to perform the contract by removing siding from the house at a time when it could have been foreseen that damage would result if the house without siding was not protected from the elements, and that the defendant did not protect the property from such damage, which in fact resulted. This is defective performance rather than failure to perform the alleged contract.
Independently of any duty under a contract, the law imposes upon a contractor the duty not to negligently and wrongfully injure and damage the property of another. Monroe v. Guess, 41 Ga. App. 697, 700 ( 154 S.E. 301). Accord Mauldin v. Sheffer, 113 Ga. App. 874, 880 ( 150 S.E.2d 150).
"One who undertakes by virtue of a contract to repair a chattel for another owes to such other the duty to use ordinary care in making such repairs so as not to endanger the lives and limbs of others by a negligent performance, the consequences of which may be foreseen by him." Frank Graham Company v. Graham, 90 Ga. App. 840 (2) ( 84 S.E.2d 579). The law would be inconsistent if it did not impose upon one who undertakes to repair real estate a like duty to use ordinary care in making the repairs not to endanger the persons or property of others.
"In any case there may be negligence in carrying out the contract or in failing to carry it out, and this negligent `misfeasance' or `nonfeasance' may hurt someone . . . in a way over and above the withholding of performance." 2 Harper and James, The Law of Torts 1050, § 18.6. See Prosser on Torts (2d Ed.) 478 et seq., § 81; 86 CJS 924, Torts, § 3; 38 AmJur 662, Negligence, § 20. Cf. State Mut. Life c. Assn. v. Baldwin, 116 Ga. 855, 858 ( 43 S.E. 262); Fain v. Wilkerson, 22 Ga. App. 193 ( 95 S.E. 752); Tapley v. Youmans, 95 Ga. App. 161, 173 ( 97 S.E.2d 365).
Whether or not the plaintiff could bring a tort action for failure to perform the contract, this petition is based on negligence in performance undertaken and alleges a breach by the defendant of a duty imposed by law independent of the alleged contract.
The trial court did not err in overruling the defendant's general demurrer.
Judgment affirmed. Felton, C. J., and Eberhardt, J., concur.