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Deutsche Bank Nat'l Tr. Co. v. Kingsbury

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Apr 10, 2019
171 A.D.3d 871 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)

Opinion

2016–13239 Index No. 12996/12

04-10-2019

DEUTSCHE BANK NATIONAL TRUST COMPANY, etc., Respondent, v. Phillip KINGSBURY, etc., Appellant, et al., Defendants.

Joseph Falbo, Jr., Mineola, N.Y. (Raymond S. Voulo of counsel), for appellant. Shapiro DiCaro & Barak, LLC, Rochester, N.Y. (Jason P. Dionisio and Ellis M. Oster of counsel), for respondent.


Joseph Falbo, Jr., Mineola, N.Y. (Raymond S. Voulo of counsel), for appellant.

Shapiro DiCaro & Barak, LLC, Rochester, N.Y. (Jason P. Dionisio and Ellis M. Oster of counsel), for respondent.

ALAN D. SCHEINKMAN, P.J., JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, FRANCESCA E. CONNOLLY, VALERIE BRATHWAITE NELSON, JJ.

DECISION & ORDERIn an action to foreclose a mortgage, the defendant Phillip Kingsbury appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (Thomas A. Adams, J.), entered October 17, 2016. The order, insofar as appealed from, granted that branch of the plaintiff's motion which was for summary judgment on the complaint insofar as asserted against that defendant.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed insofar as appealed from, with costs.

In February 2006, the defendant Phillip Kingsbury (hereinafter the defendant) executed an adjustable-rate note in the amount of $ 618,000 in favor of New Century Mortgage Corporation (hereinafter New Century), which was secured by a mortgage on real property located in Wantagh. By assignment executed on March 24, 2009, the mortgage was assigned to the plaintiff. In October 2012, the plaintiff commenced this action to foreclose the mortgage against the defendant, among others. Annexed to the complaint was a copy of the note, which was endorsed in blank. The defendant served an answer in which he asserted, inter alia, the affirmative defense that the plaintiff lacked standing. The plaintiff moved, among other things, for summary judgment on the complaint insofar as asserted against the defendant. The Supreme Court, inter alia, granted that branch of the plaintiff's motion, and the defendant appeals.

Generally, in a mortgage foreclosure action, a plaintiff demonstrates its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by producing the mortgage, the unpaid note, and evidence of default (see HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v. Oscar, 161 A.D.3d 1055, 1056, 78 N.Y.S.3d 428 ; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Cohen, 156 A.D.3d 844, 845, 67 N.Y.S.3d 643 ; Flagstar Bank, FSB v. Mendoza, 139 A.D.3d 898, 899, 32 N.Y.S.3d 278 ). Where, as here, the plaintiff's standing has been placed in issue by the defendant's answer, the plaintiff must prove its standing as part of its prima facie showing on a motion for summary judgment (see HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v. Oscar, 161 A.D.3d at 1056, 78 N.Y.S.3d 428 ; CitiMortgage, Inc. v. McKenzie, 161 A.D.3d 1040, 1041, 78 N.Y.S.3d 200 ; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Cohen, 156 A.D.3d at 845, 67 N.Y.S.3d 643 ). A plaintiff establishes its standing to commence a foreclosure action by demonstrating that it was either the holder or assignee of the underlying note at the time the action was commenced (see Aurora Loan Servs., LLC v. Taylor, 25 N.Y.3d 355, 361–362, 34 N.E.3d 363 ; Deutsche Bank Trust Co. Ams. v. Garrison, 147 A.D.3d 725, 725, 46 N.Y.S.3d 185 ; Deutsche Bank Natl. Trust Co. v. Logan, 146 A.D.3d 861, 862, 45 N.Y.S.3d 189 ). Either a written assignment of the underlying note or the physical delivery of the note prior to the commencement of the action is sufficient to transfer the obligation, and the mortgage passes with the debt as an inseparable incident (see Aurora Loan Servs., LLC v. Taylor, 25 N.Y.3d at 361–362, 12 N.Y.S.3d 612, 34 N.E.3d 363 ; Deutsche Bank Trust Co. Ams. v. Garrison, 147 A.D.3d at 726, 46 N.Y.S.3d 185 ; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Saravanan, 146 A.D.3d 1010, 1011, 45 N.Y.S.3d 547 ; U.S. Bank, N.A. v. Noble, 144 A.D.3d 786, 786, 41 N.Y.S.3d 76 ).

Here, the plaintiff established, prima facie, its standing by demonstrating that the original note was in its possession when it commenced the action, as evidenced by its attachment of a copy of the original note, endorsed in blank, to the summons and complaint when the action was commenced (see Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. Inigo, 164 A.D.3d 545, 546, 83 N.Y.S.3d 95 ; CitiMortgage, Inc. v. McKenzie, 161 A.D.3d at 1041, 78 N.Y.S.3d 200 ; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Henry, 157 A.D.3d 839, 841, 69 N.Y.S.3d 656 ; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Saravanan, 146 A.D.3d 1010, 45 N.Y.S.3d 547 ). The plaintiff also established its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by producing the mortgage, the note, and evidence of default.

In opposition, the defendant failed to raise a triable issue of fact. The defendant's contentions regarding the validity of the mortgage assignment are irrelevant to the issue of the plaintiff's standing (see Silvergate Bank v. Calkula Props., Inc., 150 A.D.3d 1295, 1296, 56 N.Y.S.3d 189 ; New York Community Bank v. McClendon, 138 A.D.3d 805, 807, 29 N.Y.S.3d 507 ). Further, where the note is affixed to the complaint, it is unnecessary to give factual details of the delivery in order to establish that possession was obtained prior to a particular date (see Aurora Loan Servs., LLC v. Taylor, 25 N.Y.3d at 362, 12 N.Y.S.3d 612, 34 N.E.3d 363 ; U.S. Bank N.A. v. Henry, 157 A.D.3d at 841, 69 N.Y.S.3d 656 ; Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. Thomas, 150 A.D.3d 1312, 1313, 52 N.Y.S.3d 894 ; JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. v. Weinberger, 142 A.D.3d 643, 645, 37 N.Y.S.3d 286 ).

Accordingly, we agree with the Supreme Court's determination to grant that branch of the plaintiff's motion which was for summary judgment on the complaint insofar as asserted against the defendant.

SCHEINKMAN, P.J., LEVENTHAL, CONNOLLY and BRATHWAITE NELSON, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

Deutsche Bank Nat'l Tr. Co. v. Kingsbury

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Apr 10, 2019
171 A.D.3d 871 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)
Case details for

Deutsche Bank Nat'l Tr. Co. v. Kingsbury

Case Details

Full title:Deutsche Bank National Trust Company, etc., respondent, v. Phillip…

Court:SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department

Date published: Apr 10, 2019

Citations

171 A.D.3d 871 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)
95 N.Y.S.3d 893
2019 N.Y. Slip Op. 2681

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