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Davis v. Bronson Hosp

Michigan Court of Appeals
Dec 19, 1986
159 Mich. App. 251 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986)


Docket No. 89784.

Decided December 19, 1986. Leave to appeal denied.

Deming, Hughey, Lewis, Keiser, Allen Chapman, P.C. (by Ross E. Chapman and Thomas C. Richardson), for plaintiff.

Miller, Johnson, Snell Cummiskey (by Gordon J. Quist), for defendant.

Before: D.F. WALSH, P.J., and HOOD and R.J. TAYLOR, JJ.

Circuit judge, sitting on the Court of Appeals by assignment.

Plaintiff, David C. Davis, appeals from an order granting summary disposition to defendant Bronson Methodist Hospital. MCR 2.116(C)(7).

This controversy concerns the August 18, 1983, termination of plaintiff's employment as Director of the Department of Human Relations at defendant hospital. On that date, plaintiff was given the choice between being terminated or resigning. He chose the latter option, signing an agreement whereby he released all claims he might have against defendant, including claims arising out of his employment and the events which gave rise to his resignation. In consideration, defendant paid plaintiff one month's salary, accrued vacation and salary and continued his health insurance coverage until September 30, 1983.

Four days after signing the release, plaintiff had an appointment to speak to an attorney about the termination of his employment. On July 12, 1984, plaintiff filed suit, alleging that he had been wrongfully terminated and that the release had been signed under duress. Defendant's answer included an allegation that plaintiff had engaged in sexual harassment, a major infraction justifying immediate dismissal. Defendant asserted the defense of release.

In a letter dated July 25, 1985, plaintiff's attorney tendered to defendant's attorney checks totalling $6,688.14, representing all amounts plaintiff had received pursuant to the release, plus interest. Defendant's attorney rejected the tender.

Defendant moved for summary disposition, citing the release as a bar to plaintiff's claim. MCR 2.116(C)(7). Defendant argued that plaintiff's tender was untimely as a matter of law.

The trial court found that both the one-year delay between the filing of the complaint and the tender and the one-year eleven-month delay between execution of the release and the tender were unreasonable as a matter of law. We agree.

It is clear that plaintiff was required to tender back the consideration he received as a result of the August 18, 1983, release. Leahan v Stroh Brewery Co, 420 Mich. 108; 359 N.W.2d 524 (1984).

We are persuaded of no reason why plaintiff should not have tendered back the consideration prior to commencing suit. See Randall v Port Huron, St. C M C R Co, 215 Mich. 413, 423; 184 N.W. 435 (1921). In any event, there was no error in the court's finding of unreasonable delay. Id., p 424. Plaintiff claimed duress, the existence of which he was fully aware at the time he signed the release. He sought legal advice immediately but did not tender back the substantial consideration he received until almost two years after execution of the release and one year after he commenced suit and put defendant to the very inconvenience and expense it had sought to avoid by paying plaintiff substantial compensation. Plaintiff has not offered, either in the trial court or in this Court, any persuasive explanation for the delay, which was unreasonable as a matter of law.


Summaries of

Davis v. Bronson Hosp

Michigan Court of Appeals
Dec 19, 1986
159 Mich. App. 251 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986)
Case details for

Davis v. Bronson Hosp

Case Details


Court:Michigan Court of Appeals

Date published: Dec 19, 1986


159 Mich. App. 251 (Mich. Ct. App. 1986)
406 N.W.2d 201

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