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Davies v. Corbin

Mar 18, 1885
113 U.S. 687 (1885)



Submitted March 3, 1885. Decided March 18, 1885.

The docketing by the defendant in error of a cause in advance of the return day of the writ of error, does not prevent the plaintiff in error from doing what is necessary while the writ is in life, to give it full effect. Unless there is some color of a right to a dismissal, the court will not entertain a motion made to affirm.

Mr. W. Hallett Phillips, with whom were Messrs. B.C. Brown, E.W. Kimball and C.P. Redmond, for the motions. — I. The writ of error in the case of Davies v. Corbin was never perfected. The record fails to show that any bond was given. That in the absence of a bond the writ of error will be dismissed, has often been decided. Sage v. Railroad Co., 96 U.S. 712; National Bank v. Omaha, Id. 712. — II. Davies and Gaines are not entitled to prosecute writs of error. The mandamus to the county court constituted the judgment; the orders on the rules to show cause against the tax collector, clerk and other officers, were merely in enforcement of that judgment. The levy and collection of a tax is not only an entire thing, although accomplished by successive steps and by separate officials, but is a continuous transaction. Labette Co. v. Moulton, 112 U.S. 225. Surely every one of the officials of the State who may have any action to take in the assessment, collection and payment of the tax, cannot prosecute a separate writ of error and make a separate "case" here, every time there is a levy attempted to be enforced under the writ of mandamus. — III. The judgments should be affirmed even if the cases are not dismissed. The writs of error are brought in the face of the repeated decisions of this court, to the effect, that it is no answer to a writ of mandamus from a United States court commanding a collection of a tax, for the tax officer to allege that he had been enjoined by a State court. It is plain the cases are brought here for delay only.

Mr. A.H. Garland opposing.

Motions to dismiss or affirm.

A statement of the litigation in Davies v. Corbin, is contained in 112 U.S. 36, which was also a motion to dismiss. The grounds for the motion in Gaines v. Corbin, are substantially the same as those in the other case.

This is the second time a motion has been made to dismiss the case of Davies v. Corbin. The ground of the present motion is that the security required by § 1000 Rev. Stat. has never been given. Against this it is shown that a supersedeas bond was accepted by the judge who signed the citation on the 8th of April, 1884. The judgment brought under review by the writ of error was rendered on the 11th of February, 1884. The writ of error was sued out and served on the 7th of March, in the same year, and the citation was also signed and served on that day. The cause was duly docketed in this court by the defendant in error on the 22d of March, in advance of the return day of the writ. On the same day the defendant in error filed his motion to dismiss for other reasons than that now relied on. The plaintiff in error was notified that the motion would be presented to the court on the 14th of April. When the motion was filed the security had not been given, but before the time fixed for hearing it was tendered in proper form and accepted. Early in the present term that motion was overruled.

The docketing of the cause by the defendant in error in advance of the return day of the writ did not prevent the plaintiff in error from doing what was necessary while the writ was in life to give it full effect. The present motion to dismiss is, therefore, overruled.

The original rule allowing a motion to affirm to be united with a motion to dismiss was promulgated May 8, 1876, 91 U.S. VII., and in Whitney v. Cook, 99 U.S. 607, decided during the October Term, 1878, it was ruled that the motion to affirm could not be entertained unless there appeared on the record at least some color of right to a dismissal. This practice has been steadily adhered to ever since, and, in our opinion, prevents our entertaining the motion to affirm in this case. That motion is consequently


In Gaines v. Corbin and Another, there is a motion to dismiss, with which is united a motion to affirm.

These motions are denied. There is not sufficient color of right to a dismissal to make it proper for us to entertain a motion to affirm.

Summaries of

Davies v. Corbin

Mar 18, 1885
113 U.S. 687 (1885)
Case details for

Davies v. Corbin

Case Details

Full title:DAVIES v . CORBIN Another. GAINES v . CORBIN Another


Date published: Mar 18, 1885


113 U.S. 687 (1885)

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