holding that Netflix's website is unconnected to any physical, concrete retail establishment and is therefore not a public accommodation under the ADASummary of this case from Gomez v. Bang & Olufsen Am., Inc.
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
D.C. No. 5:11-cv-01199-EJD MEMORANDUM Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of California
Edward J. Davila, District Judge, Presiding
Argued and Submitted March 13, 2015 San Francisco California Before: McKEOWN, MURGUIA, and FRIEDLAND, Circuit Judges.
This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.
Cullen appeals the district court's dismissal of his California Disabled Persons Act claim, Cal. Civ. Code §§ 54, 54.1(a), his Unruh Civil Rights Act claim, Cal. Civ. Code §§ 51-52, and his Unfair Competition Law claim, Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17200. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.
Cullen's Disabled Persons Act and Unruh Civil Rights Act claims are predicated on the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"). See Cal. Civ. Code § 51(f) ("A violation of the right of any individual under the [ADA] shall also constitute a violation of this section."); id. § 54(c) (same). Under Title III of the ADA, "[n]o individual shall be discriminated against on the basis of disability in the full and equal enjoyment of the goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations of any place of public accommodation." 42 U.S.C. § 12182(a). We have previously interpreted the statutory term "place of public accommodation" to require "some connection between the good or service complained of and an actual physical place." See Weyer v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp., 198 F.3d 1104, 1114 (9th Cir. 2000). Because Netflix's services are not connected to any "actual, physical place," Netflix is not subject to the ADA. See id. Therefore, in light of Weyer, Cullen's ADA-predicated Disabled Persons Act and Unruh Civil Rights Act claims fail as a matter of law. See id.
Cullen does not assert an independent ADA claim or any independent Disabled Persons Act or Unruh Civil Rights Act claims not predicated on an ADA violation.
The district court held that Cullen lacked standing to assert a claim under the Unfair Competition Law because he failed to allege causation—that is, Cullen failed to allege an injury resulting from Netflix's business practices. See Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17204. Cullen failed to challenge this holding in his opening brief and therefore waived any objection to the district court's dismissal for lack of standing. See Paladin Assocs., Inc. v. Mont. Power Co., 328 F.3d 1145, 1164 (9th Cir. 2003) (citing Kim v. Kang, 154 F.3d 996, 1000 (9th Cir. 1998)). Therefore, we affirm the district court's dismissal.