In Commonwealth v. Evans, 460 Pa. 313, 333 A.2d 743 (1975), the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania held that there is no constitutional right to a line-up.Summary of this case from Com. v. Sexton
Submitted: November 27, 1974.
Decided: March 18, 1975.
Appeal from the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, Criminal Trial Division, at No. 904, February Term, 1972, Robert A. Latrone, J.
Louis Silverman, Philadelphia, for appellant.
F. Emmett Fitzpatrick, Jr., Dist. Atty., Richard A. Sprague, First Asst. Dist. Atty., Steven H. Goldblatt, Asst. Dist. Atty., Chief Appeals Div., Suzanne Balen Ercole, Asst. Dist. Atty., Mark Sendrow, Asst. Dist. Atty., Asst. Chief, Appeals Div., Abraham J. Gafni, Deputy Dist. Atty. For Law, Philadelphia, for appellee.
Before JONES, C. J., and EAGEN, O'BRIEN, ROBERTS, POMEROY, NIX and MANDERINO, JJ.
OPINION OF THE COURT
Appellant, Simon Evans, was tried by a judge and jury and found guilty of murder in the first degree. Post-trial motions were denied and appellant was sentenced to life imprisonment. This appeal followed.
Appellant's conviction arose out of the murder of Mack Baker on January 7, 1972, in the City of Philadelphia.
Appellant first argues that his oral confession should have been excluded because it was not preceded by proper Miranda warnings. We do not agree. Appellant was arrested on January 8, 1972, at about 7:00 a. m., by officers of the Philadelphia police. When police initially arrested appellant, they started to give him his Miranda warnings, but they were interrupted by the appellant, who stated: "I know all that." After this interruption, appellant was transported to police headquarters. At this point, the failure of appellant to receive his full Miranda warnings did not prejudice him because he was not questioned by the police officers. After appellant arrived at police headquarters, he was given his full Miranda warnings, and questioned. He initially denied complicity in the homicide. He was thereafter reinterviewed and he gave an oral confession. Under these facts, the record supports the Commonwealth's contention that the oral confession was preceded by full Miranda warnings and voluntarily given. See Commonwealth v. Parks, 453 Pa. 296, 309 A.2d 725 (1973).
Appellant next argues that the court erred in allowing the Commonwealth to prove that appellant purchased heroin with the money he obtained in the robbery-murder of the victim, Mack Baker. The argument is based on the theory that this testimony related to other crimes for which appellant was not on trial and thereby prejudiced his case. This evidence offered by the Commonwealth was relevant and admissible to show appellant's motive and intent in the robbery and murder of the victim. See Commonwealth v. Faison, 437 Pa. 432, 264 A.2d 394 (1970).
Appellant next argues that his trial counsel was ineffective because "irreconcilable" differences existed between himself and his attorney which prejudiced his defense. The record below is devoid of any factual basis for this assertion.
Appellant next argues that he has a constitutional right to a pre-trial lineup and that the Commonwealth's failure to conduct such a lineup requires a reversal of his conviction. We can find no support in law for this proposition.
Judgment of sentence affirmed.
ROBERTS, J., concurs in the result.