Clinev.State

Court of Appeals of GeorgiaJan 13, 1997
224 Ga. App. 235 (Ga. Ct. App. 1997)
224 Ga. App. 235480 S.E.2d 269

A96A1837.

DECIDED JANUARY 13, 1997.

Child molestation; cruelty to children. Cherokee Superior Court. Before Judge Mills.

Richard E. Hicks, for appellant.

Garry T. Moss, District Attorney, Cecelia Harris, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.


James Cline was convicted of cruelty to children and two counts of child molestation. On appeal he enumerates four errors.

Cline was charged with molesting a third child, the eight-year-old sister of one of the other victims, but he was acquitted of that charge.

The evidence, viewed in the light most favorable to the verdict, revealed the following. Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307, 319-20 (99 SC 2781, 61 L.Ed.2d 560) (1979). At trial, three females testified that Cline had fondled them. Two were the young victims of the convictions at issue. The third, a similar transaction witness, was Cline's adult niece who testified that when she was between the ages of six and eight Cline fondled her breasts and made her touch his penis.

The first victim was an eight-year-old neighbor who often played with Cline's daughter. She testified that the first incident of molestation occurred while she, Cline, and his daughter were watching television. After the daughter left the room, the victim climbed onto Cline's lap and he touched her vaginal area beneath her clothing. She testified that he fondled her on at least one other occasion as well. The victim related these incidents to her teacher and her mother after a class on "good touch, bad touch." Both corroborated her testimony. A Department of Family and Children Services ("DFCS") worker also talked with the victim and subsequently videotaped an interview with her which was admitted at trial.

The second victim, the thirteen-year-old child of family friends, testified that Cline first touched her on the breast and vagina when she was in the sixth grade. She stated that he touched the inside of her vagina with his hand and his penis. She also testified that he locked her in his bedroom to watch a pornographic video and then touched her with his hand and penis. In addition, she described a similar transaction which occurred in the sleeper of Cline's semi-truck during a trip to Louisiana when she was 11 or 12 in which he touched her breasts and vagina with his hand and penis. Held:

1. We reject Cline's contention that the State failed to prove the element of intent necessary to uphold his child molestation convictions. The pertinent elements of child molestation are (1) commission of an immoral or indecent act; (2) to or in the presence of or with any child under the age of 16; (3) with the intent to arouse or satisfy the sexual desires of either the child or the perpetrator. OCGA § 16-6-4 (a).

Both victims' testimony indisputably satisfies the first two elements. Cline's intent may be inferred from his actions. Andrew v. State, 216 Ga. App. 427, 428 ( 454 S.E.2d 542) (1995). Moreover, the thirteen-year-old victim's testimony that Cline told her he had an injury to his penis and his doctor told him to have sex with younger people so he could get hard also provides evidence of intent. We conclude that the evidence was sufficient for a rational trier of fact to find all the essential elements of the crimes. Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. at 319-20. The statute does not require proof of actual arousal; thus, Cline's assertion that he did not have an erection is irrelevant.

2. Cline argues that the trial court's denial of his motion for mistrial after a DFCS employee testified that she found one of the victims "credible" during a pre-trial interview requires reversal of Count III, the charge relating to the eight-year-old victim. We disagree.

The offensive testimony was an unresponsive answer to the State's inquiry as to whether the DFCS worker noticed anything "out of the way" about the victim's physical demeanor or mannerisms during their interview. The DFCS worker responded, "Not out of the way. What I remember documenting was that at the time I felt she was very credible." Cline's counsel immediately objected and moved for a mistrial. The trial court sustained the objection and denied the motion. Cline's counsel did not request a curative instruction and none was given.

This testimony was clearly improper. Lagana v. State, 219 Ga. App. 220, 221 (1) ( 464 S.E.2d 625) (1995) ("`In no circumstances may a witness' credibility be bolstered by the opinion of another . . . as to whether the witness is telling the truth.'"); Roberson v. State, 214 Ga. App. 208, 210 (4) ( 447 S.E.2d 640) (1994). However, reversal is not required because Cline admitted he touched the eight-year-old's vaginal area on several occasions. See Stamey v. State, 194 Ga. App. 305, 306 (1) (a) ( 390 S.E.2d 409) (1995) (physical precedent only, Court of Appeals Rule 33 (a)) (finding that social worker's bolstering did not usurp jury's authority because she also recited "to exhaustion" the criteria for determining the truthfulness of children); see also Moss v. State, 216 Ga. App. 711, 714 (5) ( 455 S.E.2d 411) (1995) (defense not prejudiced by failure to object to bolstering testimony). Although he denied touching the eight-year-old beneath her underwear, such proof is not required to establish the offense and the indictment only charged him with fondling the child's vaginal area without mentioning her garments. Bragg v. State, 217 Ga. App. 342, 343 (2) ( 457 S.E.2d 262) (1995). Cline's admission, the fact that the State in no way elicited the gratuitous and unresponsive testimony, and the amount of evidence supporting the conviction distinguish Flowers v. State, 220 Ga. App. 814, 815 (2) ( 468 S.E.2d 199) (1996).

3. We decline to reach Cline's argument that the trial court erred in giving a charge on the similar transaction evidence which limited its application to show state of mind or to corroborate the testimony of witnesses. Cline waived the purported error by failing to object to the charge. Penaranda v. State, 203 Ga. App. 740, 741 (1) ( 417 S.E.2d 683) (1992). Nor did he file a proper written request to charge on this issue. Compare Moore v. State, 202 Ga. App. 476, 480 (3) ( 414 S.E.2d 705) (1992).

4. Cline failed to satisfy his burden of proving ineffective assistance of counsel. To establish ineffectiveness, a defendant must prove that his trial counsel's performance was deficient and the deficiency prejudiced his defense to the extent that there was a reasonable probability the result of the trial would have been different but for defense counsel's unprofessional deficiencies. Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668 (104 SC 2052, 80 L.Ed.2d 674) (1984); Brown v. State, 257 Ga. 277, 278 (2) ( 357 S.E.2d 590) (1987). We need not inquire into counsel's alleged deficiency absent a showing of prejudice. Trammel v. State, 265 Ga. 156 (1) ( 454 S.E.2d 501) (1995).

Cline argues that his counsel was unprepared because he failed to interview the State's witnesses and did nothing when told that after one of the victims testified, she asked a DFCS worker, "Did I say what you wanted me to?" Cline presented no evidence, argument, or authority demonstrating how either of these alleged errors prejudiced his defense. Brown v. State, 257 Ga. at 278 (2); see Court of Appeals Rule 27 (c) (2). Having reviewed the trial and amended motion for new trial transcripts, we cannot say the trial court clearly erred in rejecting Cline's claim of ineffectiveness. Maner v. State, 221 Ga. App. 826, 828 (1) (b) ( 472 S.E.2d 716) (1996).

Judgment affirmed. Pope, P.J., and Smith, J., concur.


Judge HAROLD R. BANKE.

DECIDED JANUARY 13, 1997.