Cedenov.Wimbledon Building Corp.

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, First DepartmentAug 18, 1994
207 A.D.2d 297 (N.Y. App. Div. 1994)
207 A.D.2d 297615 N.Y.S.2d 40

August 18, 1994

Appeal from the Supreme Court, Bronx County (Alan J. Saks, J.).


Default judgment in this personal injury action was entered in 1991. A motion to vacate should be made within one year of entry of a default judgment (CPLR 5015 [a] [1]). Defendant moved to vacate in August 1992, more than a year after entry of the judgment, arguing that its first notice of the action was in an April 1992 letter from plaintiff's counsel demanding payment. Even if the motion could be considered timely, it does not satisfy the dual requirements of showing reasonable excuse for the default and a meritorious defense (Gray v. B.R. Trucking Co., 59 N.Y.2d 649).

Service was effected in person at the office of the Secretary of State, and by mail directed to defendant's designated agent at an office location that counsel says he vacated eight years earlier. Defendant maintains that minimal diligence on plaintiff's part would have led him to counsel's correct address. But it is a corporation's obligation to keep on file with the Secretary of State the current address of an agent to receive service of process (Cristo Bros. v. M. Cristo, Inc., 91 A.D.2d 807), and failure to meet that obligation will not constitute reasonable excuse to vacate a default judgment (Conte Cadillac v C.A.R.S. Purch. Serv., 126 A.D.2d 621, 622). It is for this reason that service of process on a corporation is deemed complete when the Secretary of State is served, regardless of whether such process ultimately reaches the corporate defendant (Associated Imports v. Leon Amiel Publ., 168 A.D.2d 354, lv dismissed 77 N.Y.2d 873).

Defendant also failed to offer a meritorious defense. A statement by defendant's corporate president, to the effect that its insurer has declined to investigate, defend or settle the underlying claim, is insufficient in this regard (Gray v. B.R. Trucking Co., supra).

Concur — Murphy, P.J., Carro, Ellerin, Wallach and Rubin, JJ.