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Carver Fed. Sav. Bank v. Baptiste

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Feb 13, 2020
2020 N.Y. Slip Op. 1043 (N.Y. App. Div. 2020)

Opinion

2017-05015

02-13-2020

Carver Federal Savings Bank, appellant, v. Melady Jean Baptiste, etc., et al., defendants, Maryse Jean Baptiste, etc., respondent.

Dorf & Nelson LLP, Rye, NY (Jonathan B. Nelson of counsel), for appellant. Mitchel B. Craner, New York, NY (Belinda Luu of counsel), for respondent.


ROBERT J. MILLER JOSEPH J. MALTESE ANGELA G. IANNACCI, JJ. (Index No. 19672/11)

Dorf & Nelson LLP, Rye, NY (Jonathan B. Nelson of counsel), for appellant.

Mitchel B. Craner, New York, NY (Belinda Luu of counsel), for respondent.

DECISION & ORDER

In an action, inter alia, to foreclose a mortgage and to quiet title to real property, the plaintiff appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Lawrence Knipel, J.), dated March 6, 2017. The order denied the plaintiff's motion for summary judgment on the amended complaint insofar as asserted against the defendant Maryse Jean Baptiste.

ORDERED that the order is modified, on the law, by deleting the provision thereof denying that branch of the plaintiff's motion which was for summary judgment on the cause of action for equitable subrogation in the amount of $461,127, and substituting therefor a provision granting that branch of the motion; as so modified, the order is affirmed, without costs or disbursements.

Since 1991, the defendant Maryse Jean Baptiste (hereinafter Maryse) and her sister, the defendant Melady Jean Baptiste (hereinafter Melady), have each owned a 50% share in certain real property located in Brooklyn. In July 2006, allegedly without Maryse's knowledge, Melady borrowed the sum of $500,000 from the plaintiff, secured by a mortgage on the subject property. A substantial portion of the money borrowed was used to satisfy a prior note and mortgage secured by Maryse and Melady from another lender in 2005. Melady signed the mortgage and note with the plaintiff based upon a durable general statutory short form power of attorney purportedly granted by Maryse, appointing Melady to act as her attorney-in-fact for certain matters, including "real estate transactions" and "banking transactions." Maryse's signature on the power of attorney was duly acknowledged by a licensed notary public.

When Maryse and Melady failed to make payments on the mortgage loan on January 1, 2011, and thereafter, the plaintiff commenced this foreclosure action. Maryse contended that her signatures on the power of attorney and the loan documents had been forged. By order dated March 5, 2014, the Supreme Court (Donald Scott Kurtz, J.) denied the plaintiff's initial motion for summary judgment on the complaint insofar as asserted against Maryse, concluding that Maryse raised issues of fact with respect to the validity of the mortgage, note, and power of attorney.

Thereafter, the parties engaged in discovery, including document production and depositions of Maryse and Melady. In September 2014, the plaintiff served an amended complaint adding a cause of action for equitable subrogation. In June 17, 2015, the plaintiff was granted leave to enter a default judgment against, among others, Melady. In September 2016, the plaintiff moved for summary judgment on the amended complaint insofar as asserted against Maryse. In the order appealed from, the Supreme Court (Lawrence Knipel, J.) denied the motion on the ground that it was previously denied. The plaintiff appeals.

That branch of the plaintiff's motion which was for summary judgment on the cause of action for equitable subrogation was not a successive motion for summary judgment. That cause of action was added in an amended complaint served after the prior motion for summary judgment was denied, and the plaintiff had not previously moved for summary judgment on that cause of action.

The plaintiff established its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law on its cause of action for equitable subrogation by submitting evidence that $461,127 of the proceeds of the subject loan were used to satisfy a prior note and mortgage for which Maryse was responsible (see Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v Dalfin, 169 AD3d 970, 972; Citimortgage, Inc. v Chouen, 154 AD3d 914; Bank of N.Y. v Penalver, 125 AD3d 795; Great E. Bank v Chang, 227 AD2d 589). In opposition, Maryse failed to raise a triable issue of fact as to whether the plaintiff actively engaged in any fraud, had actual notice of any fraud, or had unclean hands (see Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v Dalfin, 169 AD3d at 972; Lucia v Goldman, 145 AD3d 767, 769).

Accordingly, the Supreme Court, despite Maryse's claims of forgery, should have granted that branch of the plaintiff's motion which was for summary judgment on the cause of action for equitable subrogation in the amount of $461,127.

The plaintiff's remaining contentions are without merit.

ROMAN, J.P., MILLER, MALTESE and IANNACCI, JJ., concur. ENTER:

Aprilanne Agostino

Clerk of the Court


Summaries of

Carver Fed. Sav. Bank v. Baptiste

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Feb 13, 2020
2020 N.Y. Slip Op. 1043 (N.Y. App. Div. 2020)
Case details for

Carver Fed. Sav. Bank v. Baptiste

Case Details

Full title:Carver Federal Savings Bank, appellant, v. Melady Jean Baptiste, etc., et…

Court:SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department

Date published: Feb 13, 2020

Citations

2020 N.Y. Slip Op. 1043 (N.Y. App. Div. 2020)