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Carvajal v. U.S.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 30, 2010
409 F. App'x 106 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 08-56811.

Argued and Submitted October 5, 2010.

Filed November 30, 2010.

Eric Honig, Esquire, Law Offices Of Eric S. Honig, Marina Del Rey, CA, for Plaintiff-Appellant.

Carla A. Ford, Assistant U.S., USLA-Office of the U.S. Attorney, Los Angeles, CA, for Defendant-Appellee.

Susan Kawala, Esquire, Los Angeles City Attorney's Office, Los Angeles, CA, for Defendants.

Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California, Percy Anderson, District Judge, Pre-siding. D.C. No. 2:05-cv-07124-PA-E.

Before CUDAHY, WARDLAW and W. FLETCHER, Circuit Judges.

The Honorable Richard D. Cudahy, Senior United States Circuit Judge for the Seventh Circuit, sitting by designation.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Mercedez Carvajal appeals the district court's denial of her motion for attorneys' fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412. Carvajal asserts that the district court erred in concluding that she waived her right to seek attorneys' fees in a joint stipulation entered by the parties. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we reverse.

As to four of the claims alleged in the complaint, the joint stipulation clearly states that the claims will be dismissed with prejudice and that "[e]ach party shall bear its own costs and attorney's fees in the District Court." As to the four claims dismissed with prejudice by the district court, the stipulation preserves Carvajal's right to appeal and states that "issues of costs on appeal and attorney's fees on appeal are reserved by plaintiff Mercedez Carvajal and defendant United States until the final completion of this action." The stipulation does not address the scenario that did in fact occur: Carvajal succeeded on appeal and the case was remanded to the district court. Carvajal v. United States, 521 F.3d 1242, 1249 (9th Cir. 2008). Thus, the district court erred in finding an unambiguous waiver of her right to subsequently seek attorneys' fees in district court upon her return as the prevailing party. Erdman v. Cochise County, 926 F.2d 877, 879-80 (9th Cir. 1991); Muckleshoot Tribe v. Puget Sound Power Light Co., 875 F.2d 695, 698 (9th Cir. 1989).

In any event, the parties likely did not understand Carvajal to have waived her right to attorneys' fees and costs in the district court as to the claims she appealed because, when she entered the joint stipulation, she was not then the prevailing party and thus had no right to fees to waive. See 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A) (stating that "a court shall award to a prevailing party other than the United States fees and other expenses"); Carvajal, 521 F.3d at 1249 ("To satisfy the `prevailing party" requirement, Plaintiff must be able to show that she received `relief from the federal court.`" (quoting Li v. Keisler, 505 F.3d 913, 917 (9th Cir. 2007))). Because Carvajal did not become entitled to attorneys' fees until she succeeded on appeal, the joint stipulation was not likely understood to contain a waiver of her right to seek them. See United States v. Perez, 116 F.3d 840, 845 (9th Cir. 1997) (en banc) (defining waiver as the "intentional relinquishment or abandonment of a known right" (quoting United States v. Olano, 507 U.S. 725, 733, 113 S.Ct. 1770, 123 L.Ed.2d 508 (1993))).

REVERSED and REMANDED with instructions to award attorneys' fees and costs in an amount to be determined.

The language of the stipulated waiver of fees in the District Court is clear and unambiguous and I see no basis for interpretation or modification based on subsequent events on appeal. I therefore respectfully dissent.

Summaries of

Carvajal v. U.S.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 30, 2010
409 F. App'x 106 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Carvajal v. U.S.

Case Details

Full title:Mercedez CARVAJAL, an individual, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. UNITED STATES of…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 30, 2010


409 F. App'x 106 (9th Cir. 2010)