No. 10-56637 D.C. No. 2:09-cv-08299-R-MAN
NOT FOR PUBLICATION
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Central District of California
Manuel L. Real, District Judge, Presiding
Before: PREGERSON, GOULD, and TALLMAN, Circuit Judges.
Plaintiff-Appellant Frank Joseph Carderella ("Carderella") appeals the grant of summary judgment entered by the United States District Court for the Central District of California in favor of Defendant-Appellee Janet Napolitano ("Napolitano"), the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security.Carderella, a white, Catholic male of Italian ancestry, alleges that the former Immigration and Naturalization Service ("INS") discriminated against him on the basis of his race or national origin in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-16 et seq. ("Title VII"), when it did not select him in 1996 to fill a vacant Detention Enforcement Officer position ("DEO"). The district court held that Carderella failed to establish a prima facie case of employment discrimination and declined to draw an adverse inference from the spoliation of the records. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm.
The functions of the INS were transferred to the Department of Homeland Security. Homeland Security Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-296, § 471, 116 Stat. 2135, 2205.
The parties are familiar with the facts so we do not repeat them here.
The district court did not err in finding that Carderella failed to establish a prima facie case of employment discrimination. Texas Dept. of Cmty. Affairs v. Burdine, 450 U.S. 248, 252-53 (1981). Carderella acknowledges that he has no information regarding the race or national origin of the individuals ultimately selected for the vacant DEO positions. See McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792, 802 (1973) (holding that to establish a prima facie case of employment discrimination under Title VII, an individual must show, inter alia, that the position remained open and the employer sought other similarly qualified individuals outside his protected class).
The district court did not abuse its discretion when it declined to draw an adverse inference of discrimination against Napolitano as a sanction for the spoliation of the documents. Medical Lab. Mgt. Consultants v. Am. Broadcasting Cos. Inc., 306 F.3d 806, 823-24 (9th Cir. 2002). The record suggests the employee files may have been lost or destroyed pursuant to the INS's internal two-year retention policy and therefore were not destroyed in bad faith or in anticipation of litigation, which commenced over a decade after Carderella filed his initial employment discrimination claim with the EEO. See e.g., United States v. Kitsap Physicians Serv., 314 F.3d 995, 1001 (9th Cir. 2002); Akiona v. United States, 938 F.2d 158, 161 (9th Cir. 1991). Regardless, Carderella's reliance on the spoliated evidence alone would be insufficient to prove a prima facie case of employment discrimination. See Medical Lab. Mgt. Consultants, 306 F.3d at 825 ("When a party has produced no evidence—or utterly inadequate evidence—in support of a given claim, the destruction of evidence, standing alone, is not enough to allow the party to survive summary judgment on that claim." (internal quotation marks and citations omitted)).
Finally, Carderella's request for judicial notice of portions of Rafael Roldan's deposition is denied. Bias v. Moynihan, 508 F.3d 1212, 1225 (9th Cir. 2007).