Progressive N. Ins. Co.

This case is not covered by Casetext's citator
Appellate Term of the Supreme Court of New York, Second DepartmentJan 18, 2011
2011 N.Y. Slip Op. 50081 (N.Y. Misc. 2011)

2009-2506 N C.

Decided January 18, 2011.

Appeal from an order of the District Court of Nassau County, Third District (Michael A. Ciaffa, J.), dated September 21, 2009. The order denied plaintiffs' motion to strike defendant's demand for a trial de novo.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, without costs.


In this action by providers to recover assigned first-party no-fault benefits, the parties stipulated, among other matters, to plaintiffs' prima facie case and defendant's timely denial of the claim. The parties participated in mandatory arbitration ( see Rules of the Chief Judge [22 NYCRR] part 28), which resulted in a ruling in plaintiffs' favor, whereupon defendant served and filed a demand for a trial de novo (Rules of the Chief Judge [ 22 NYCRR] § 28.12 [a]). Plaintiffs moved to strike the demand, arguing that defendant's limited participation in the arbitration, which consisted of defendant's attorney's appearance and his offer of various documents which were excluded upon plaintiffs' hearsay objection, amounted to a default, barring defendant from demanding a trial de novo. Defendant opposed, and the District Court denied the motion, finding that, on the facts, defendant had not defaulted. Plaintiffs appeal and we affirm.

The Rules of the Chief Judge provide that a demand for a trial de novo "may be made by any party not in default" (Rules of the Chief Judge [ 22 NYCRR] § 28.12 [a]). A party's failure to appear for an arbitration hearing constitutes a default (Rules of the Chief Judge [ 22 NYCRR] § 28.7 [a]), as does a party's appearance by counsel who otherwise "refus[es] to participate in the hearing" ( Bitzko v Gamache, 168 AD2d 888; see also Finamore v Huntington Rehabilitation Assn., 150 AD2d 426). However, where, as here, a party's attorney appears at the arbitration, participates in the hearing and submits evidence which, if admissible, would have tended to rebut the plaintiff's case, there is no default within the contemplation of the Rules of the Chief Judge merely because the arbitrator ruled the proof inadmissible ( see Tripp v Reitman Blacktop, 188 Misc 2d 317 [App Term, 9th 10th Jud Dists 2001]; San-Dar Assoc. v Adams, 167 Misc 2d 727 [App Term, 1st Dept 1996]).

Accordingly, the District Court properly denied plaintiffs' motion to strike defendant's demand for a trial de novo.

Nicolai, P.J., Tanenbaum and LaCava, JJ., concur.