SUBMITTED FEBRUARY 12, 1974.
DECIDED MARCH 6, 1974.
Withdrawal of plea. Coffee Superior Court. Before Judge Hodges.
J. Laddie Boatright, for appellants.
Dewey Hayes, District Attorney, M. C. Pritchard, for appellee.
The rule in most jurisdictions is that one who enters a plea to an accusatory pleading does not have the absolute right to withdraw a plea; the granting or refusing of leave to withdraw a plea in a criminal case rests in the sound discretion of the trial court, subject to review for abuse of discretion. 21 AmJur2d 494, Criminal Law, § 503. See also ABA Standards Relating to Pleas of Guilty, p. 9-10. However, in Georgia this common law power of the trial judge was taken away from him by the General Assembly and an accused has the right to withdraw the plea prior to judgment. Code § 27-1404; Clark v. State, 72 Ga. App. 603, 613 ( 34 S.E.2d 608). The fact that the witnesses had been dismissed and the jurors were discharged in reliance upon the guilty plea does not change the rule. Nobles v. State, 17 Ga. App. 382 ( 86 S.E. 1073). The pronouncement of judgment as provided in the statute means "the signing of the written sentence by the presiding judge and its delivery to the clerk for the record." Wright v. State, 75 Ga. App. 764, 767 ( 44 S.E.2d 569); see also Ware v. State, 128 Ga. App. 407 ( 196 S.E.2d 896); Marshall v. State, 128 Ga. App. 413 ( 197 S.E.2d 161); Farmer v. State, 128 Ga. App. 416 ( 196 S.E.2d 893).
The district attorney makes a very logical argument against the above rules saying that it allows the accused to trifle with and play games with the court. The answer is that "the law on this question is not simply what the judges of this court think the law should be, what the General Assembly said it is..." Horton v. Brown, 117 Ga. App. 47, 49 ( 159 S.E.2d 489, 490). It should also be remembered that "Defendants have no absolute right to have their pleas [of guilty] accepted." Shearer v. State, 128 Ga. App. 809, 810 ( 198 S.E.2d 369).
Therefore, having moved to withdraw his guilty plea prior to the court's reducing the judgment to writing and signing it, Burkett fulfilled the requirements of Code § 27-1404 and the lower court erred in denying his motion.
Judgment reversed. Deen and Stolz, JJ., concur.