March 9, 1970.
 Insurance — Construction of Policy — All Risk. An insurance policy covering "all risks" is not to be given a restrictive interpretation, and ordinarily covers every loss that may happen, except by fraudulent acts of the insured.
 Insurance — Aviation Insurance — Risks Sustained While Not in Flight. A risk of loss to an aircraft is sustained "while the aircraft is not in flight" where the origin of the event which starts the chain of causation occurs while the plane is on the ground. [See Ann. 9 A.L.R.2d 581; 44 Am.Jur.2d, Insurance § 1434.]
Appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court for King County, No. 678425, George H. Revelle, J., entered March 5, 1968.
Karr, Tuttle, Campbell, Koch Campbell, F. Lee Campbell, and Llewellyn G. Pritchard, for appellants.
Murray, Dunham Waitt and Robert K. Waitt, for respondent Bryant.
Action on an insurance policy. Certain defendants appeal from a judgment in favor of the plaintiff.
Someone broke into a hanger where William Bryant kept his airplane and put grease in the gas tank of the plane. The grease mixed with the fuel and eventually entered the fuel line while the plane was in flight, causing engine failure. A forced landing followed and damage to the plane ensued.
Bryant had obtained an insurance policy for his airplane with the Continental Insurance Company and Associated Aviation Underwriters, hereafter referred to as Continental. The policy provided coverage for all risks when his aircraft was "not in flight."
The trial court ruled as a matter of law that the loss was covered by the express wording of the policy inasmuch as the damage was a natural and probable consequence of vandalism which had occurred while the aircraft was on the ground. Continental appeals.
The policy provides coverage for:
"G. all risks of physical loss of or damage to the aircraft sustained while the aircraft is not in flight and not the result of fire or explosion following crash or collision while the aircraft was in flight;"
"Flight" is defined by the policy to mean:
the time commencing with the actual take-off run of the aircraft and continuing thereafter until it has completed its landing run."
Continental urges inasmuch as the damage to the aircraft was not experienced when the grease was placed in the gas tank, but rather during "flight" of the aircraft, there is no coverage.
[1, 2] The use of the term "all risks" ordinarily covers every loss that may happen, except by fraudulent acts of the insured, and is not given a restrictive meaning. Miller v. Boston Ins. Co., 218 A.2d 275, 420 Pa. 566 (1966) and Fidelity Southern Fire Ins. Co. v. Crow, 390 S.W.2d 788 (Tex. 1965). The risk of loss was sustained on the ground at the time the grease was placed in the fuel tank; the act of vandalism was a peril peculiar to an aircraft while on the ground, not in flight. The court in Dillard v. Continental Ins. Co., 130 So.2d 489 (La. 1961), held in construing a similar policy coverage the time of origin of the chain of causation was a critical factor. Here there is no question that the origin of the event which started the chain of causation occurred while the plane was on the ground. For this reason the cases cited by Continental are inapplicable.
The judgment of the trial court is affirmed.
HOROWITZ, A.C.J., and WILLIAMS, J., concur.