Bounds
v.
Commissioner of Public Safety

Minnesota Court of AppealsJan 22, 1985
361 N.W.2d 145 (Minn. Ct. App. 1985)

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No. C4-84-799.

January 22, 1985.

Appeal from the County Court, Dodd County, Timothy J. Baland, J.

Lance R. Heisler, Staples, for appellant.

Hubert H. Humphrey, III, Atty. Gen. of Minn., Linda F. Close, Joel A. Watne, Spec. Asst. Attys. Gen., St. Paul, for respondent.

Considered and decided by HUSPENI, P.J., NIERENGARTEN and RANDALL, JJ., with oral argument waived.


SUMMARY OPINION


HUSPENI, Judge.

FACTS

The facts relevant to this appeal are contained in Bounds v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 353 N.W.2d 659 (Minn.Ct.App. 1984) ( Bounds I). In Bounds I, this court held that, in the absence of a fresh pursuit, a peace officer outside his jurisdiction has the authority of a private citizen, but may not administer post-D.W.I. arrest procedures. The Commissioner of Public Safety petitioned the Minnesota Supreme Court for review of this decision, and the supreme court remanded the matter to us for reconsideration in light of its subsequent opinion in Windschitl v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 355 N.W.2d 146 (Minn. 1984).

DECISION

1. In Windschitl, the Minnesota Supreme Court considered a claim that a preliminary screening test for D.W.I. was improperly administered because the police officer was outside his jurisdiction. The court held alternatively that:

We recognize that this issue was also addressed in State, Department of Public Safety v. Juncewski, 308 N.W.2d 316, 321 (Minn. 1981).

(1) the officer was within his jurisdiction and could therefore lawfully administer the preliminary screening test; and

(2) if he was outside his jurisdiction, the arrest was a valid citizen's arrest even without the preliminary breath test. Id. at 148-149.

"We conclude that, whether it be considered an arrest by a peace officer or by a private citizen, it was a valid arrest." Id. at 147.

2. The court did not directly confront the issue presented in Bounds I: whether the peace officer making a citizen's arrest outside his jurisdiction in the absence of hot pursuit may administer post-D.W.I. arrest procedures. However, the Windschitl opinion indicates that a peace officer making a citizen's arrest retains his status as peace officer and may engage in some activities otherwise barred to a citizen, such as using flashing lights and a siren. Id. at 149. It follows that once a valid arrest is made, a peace officer may then implement post-D.W.I. procedures under this special status. Bounds I is thus vacated in light of the supreme court opinion in Windschitl. The trial court's order sustaining the revocation of Bounds' driving privileges is affirmed.

Trial court's order affirmed.