2 Div. 676.
November 14, 1918.
Appeal from Probate Court, Bibb County; W. J. Nicholson, Judge.
S.D. C. D. Logan, of Centerville, for appellant.
Lavender Thompson, of Centerville, for appellee.
Appellant cannot read or write; but he is a man of good intelligence, accustomed to transact his own affairs, and, we infer from the evidence shown in the bill of exceptions, has a memory for the details of past transactions superior to that of the man of average book learning. It cannot be said, therefore, that he is incompetent to discharge the duties incident to the administration of an estate by reason of a want of understanding. It is not suggested that he is incompetent for any other reason. Under the statute, section 2520 of the Code, appellant, father of deceased, was entitled to the administration in preference to appellee, who is a half-brother. Brown v. Hay, 1 Stew. P. 102. Section 2508 does not set down illiteracy as a cause of disqualification, and, under the ruling of this court (Crommelin v. Raoull, 169 Ala. 413, 53 So. 745), one who is entitled to preference under the statute may not be disqualified except for some ground specified in the statute. Appellant's petition for the recall of the letters improvidently granted to appellee and for his own appointment was a direct attack upon the previous appointment and, under the evidence, should have been granted, and appellant should have been appointed instead.
It results also from the ruling in Crommelin v. Raoull, noted above, that the trial court erred in the several rulings on the admission of testimony to which exceptions were duly reserved. According to the ruling in that case, the court had no discretion to refuse the appointment of appellant; it not appearing that he was disqualified on any ground specified in the statute, and no waiver of his right being shown against him. The testimony admitted by the court, having reference to personal differences between appellant and deceased prior to the death of the latter, could have had no tendency to establish any statutory ground of disqualification. Its admission was error therefore. The assignments of error based upon these rulings lack due specification, perhaps; but these rulings were all erroneous, and the assignments suffice to raise the general question involved.
The brief for appellee complains of the transcript and of appellant's brief as exhibiting defects, both which should justify the court in denying consideration of the appeal.
It is held that this court's jurisdiction depends upon the affirmative appearance in the transcript of the fact that the judgment from which the appeal is taken was rendered by a court organized according to law. Pensacola, A. W. Ry. Co. v. Big Sandy Iron Co., 147 Ala. 274, 41 So. 418. The transcript before us contains no formal caption, such as is directed by Rule 26 (175 Ala. xix, 61 South. vii); but from the certificate of appeal and other parts of the transcript it is ascertained that the judgment under review was rendered by a court organized according to law. This warrants our consideration of the appeal. Richardson v. Powell, 199 Ala. 275, 74 So. 364.
The brief filed by appellant is characterized by a degree of informality and an apparent lack of attention to Rule 10 (175 Ala. xviii, 61 South. vii, ubi supra); but the rule is directory, and from the time of its adoption the court has exercised its discretion in the consideration of briefs which fairly and helpfully make the points upon which appellant relies. Agreeably with the practice thus established, the brief for appellant has been considered.
Reversed and remanded.
McCLELLAN, MAYFIELD, and GARDNER, JJ., concur.