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Barrow v. Barrow

Court of Appeal of California, Second District, Division Two
Jul 2, 1919
42 Cal.App. 50 (Cal. Ct. App. 1919)


Civ. No. 2903.

July 2, 1919.

APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Los Angeles County, and from an order denying a new trial. Fred H. Taft, Judge. Judgment affirmed; appeal from order dismissed.

The facts are stated in the opinion of the court.

Wm. Lewis for Appellant.

T. K. Kase for Respondent.

This is an action for divorce, for attorney's fees, for division of alleged community property, and for general relief, brought by plaintiff against defendant on the ground of extreme cruelty.

The material allegations of the complaint were denied by defendant's answer. While admitting the formal parts of the complaint in his answer, he denied, as aforesaid, all the material allegations contained therein as to community property — alleging this as his own separate property — and as to the alleged extreme cruelty. He also admitted that he had received from plaintiff money which was used by him in the improvement of his own property. Upon the issues thus presented, the court denied plaintiff's application for divorce, etc., refused to divide the said real property, and found that it was the separate property of defendant, subject to existing mortgages. There was a motion for new trial, which was denied by the court. From the judgment and order denying her motion for new trial plaintiff appeals.

Appellant urges, in support of her contention that the judgment herein should be reversed, the consideration by this court of the following points, viz.: (1) "Whether or not plaintiff proved the material allegations of her complaint, and if so proven, was there shown by the evidence any just cause for the refusal to the plaintiff by the lower court of a decree of divorce as prayed?" (2) "In the absence of a decree of divorce to either party, had the lower court jurisdiction, in a divorce action, to pass upon property rights of the parties thereto, i. e., to convert an action for divorce into an action to quiet title; and if so, did the lower court err in not taking into consideration the money advanced by plaintiff to defendant for the erection of improvements upon the separate real estate of defendant, admitted by the pleadings and evidence, and also in not taking into consideration money borrowed during coverture for the purpose of erecting improvements upon other real estate of the defendant?" (3) "Did the lower court err in denying plaintiff's motion for a new trial?"

[1] The answer to the first point is that, while it is shown from the record here that ten witnesses testified for plaintiff and but three for defendant, and that there was a conflict in the evidence, the trial court having settled that conflict in favor of the defendant, this court will not interfere. The courts "are not bound to decide in conformity with the declarations of any number of witnesses, which do not produce conviction in their minds, against a less number or against a presumption or other evidence satisfying their minds." (Code Civ. Proc., sec. 2061.)

[2] The second proposition advanced is based upon a state of facts not borne out by the record here. There was no conversion of a cause of action for divorce to one to quiet title. All that the court did here was to find upon an issue invited by plaintiff herself, by proper allegation in her complaint, and which allegation was denied by the answer, said denial being not only supported by the evidence of the defendant, but likewise by the evidence of plaintiff herself. ( Allen v. Allen, 159 Cal. 197, [ 113 P. 160]; Johnson v. Johnson, 17 Cal.App. 241, [ 119 P. 403].) [3] There was no error in not referring in the findings to money loaned to defendant by plaintiff. If there is anything due her from defendant, and she has not slept upon her rights, she has an adequate remedy for the recovery of the same in an action at law.

The evidence amply supports the findings of the court. For these reasons, then, it inevitably follows that there was no error in denying plaintiff's motion for a new trial.

The appeal from the order denying plaintiff's motion for new trial is dismissed, and the judgment affirmed.

Finlayson, P. J., and Sloane, J., concurred.

Summaries of

Barrow v. Barrow

Court of Appeal of California, Second District, Division Two
Jul 2, 1919
42 Cal.App. 50 (Cal. Ct. App. 1919)
Case details for

Barrow v. Barrow

Case Details

Full title:ALICE J. BARROW, Appellant, v. JAMES T. BARROW, Respondent

Court:Court of Appeal of California, Second District, Division Two

Date published: Jul 2, 1919


42 Cal.App. 50 (Cal. Ct. App. 1919)
183 P. 364

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