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Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Gales

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Apr 9, 2014
116 A.D.3d 723 (N.Y. App. Div. 2014)

Summary

holding that the borrower "did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement" as a defense to foreclosure

Summary of this case from Lopez v. Bayview Loan Servicing, LLC

Opinion

2014-04-9

BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, etc., respondent, v. Traci GALES, et al., appellants, et al, defendants.

John M. Schwarz, Jr., Chestnut Ridge, N.Y., for appellants. Houser & Allison, APC, New York, N.Y. (Kathleen M. Massimo of counsel), for respondent.


John M. Schwarz, Jr., Chestnut Ridge, N.Y., for appellants. Houser & Allison, APC, New York, N.Y. (Kathleen M. Massimo of counsel), for respondent.

In an action to foreclose a mortgage, the defendants Traci Gales and Germaine Gales appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Rockland County (Kelly, J.), entered May 4, 2012, which granted the plaintiff's motion for summary judgment on the complaint insofar as asserted against them and denied their cross motion to dismiss the complaint for failure to state a cause of action and lack of standing.

ORDERED that the order is modified, on the law, by deleting the provision thereof granting the plaintiff's motion for summary judgment on the complaint insofar as asserted against the defendants Traci Gales and Germaine Gales, and substituting therefor a provision denying the plaintiff's motion; as so modified, the order is affirmed, without costs or disbursements.

Contrary to the Supreme Court's determination, the plaintiff failed to demonstrate its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law, as it did not submit sufficient evidence to demonstrate that it had standing to commence this action. Where, as here, standing is put into issue by the defendant, the plaintiff must prove its standing in order to be entitled to relief ( see U.S. Bank, N.A. v. Collymore, 68 A.D.3d 752, 753, 890 N.Y.S.2d 578;Wells Fargo Bank Minn., N.A. v. Mastropaolo, 42 A.D.3d 239, 242, 837 N.Y.S.2d 247). In a mortgage foreclosure action, “[a] plaintiff has standing where it is the holder or assignee of both the subject mortgage and of the underlying note at the time the action is commenced” ( HSBC Bank USA v. Hernandez, 92 A.D.3d 843, 843, 939 N.Y.S.2d 120;see U.S. Bank, N.A. v. Collymore, 68 A.D.3d at 753, 890 N.Y.S.2d 578;Countrywide Home Loans, Inc. v. Gress, 68 A.D.3d 709, 709, 888 N.Y.S.2d 914). “ ‘Either a written assignment of the underlying note or the physical delivery of the note prior to the commencement of the foreclosure action is sufficient to transfer the obligation’ ” ( HSBC Bank USA v. Hernandez, 92 A.D.3d at 844, 939 N.Y.S.2d 120, quoting U.S. Bank, N.A. v. Collymore, 68 A.D.3d at 754, 890 N.Y.S.2d 578;see Aurora Loan Servs., LLC v. Weisblum, 85 A.D.3d 95, 108, 923 N.Y.S.2d 609). “Where a mortgage is represented by a bond or other instrument, an assignment of the mortgage without assignment of the underlying note or bond is a nullity” ( U.S. Bank, N.A. v. Collymore, 68 A.D.3d at 754, 890 N.Y.S.2d 578;see Merritt v. Bartholick, 36 N.Y. 44, 45;Kluge v. Fugazy, 145 A.D.2d 537, 538, 536 N.Y.S.2d 92).

Here, the evidence submitted by the plaintiff in support of its motion did not demonstrate that the note was physically delivered to it prior to the commencement of the action, and the plaintiff similarly failed to submit a written assignment of the note. Accordingly, the plaintiff failed to establish its entitlement to judgment as a matter of law, and the Supreme Court should have denied its motion for summary judgment.

Contrary to the appellants' contentions, the Supreme Court properly denied their cross motion to dismiss the complaint, as they did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement ( see Rajamin v. Deutsche Bank National Trust Co., 2013 WL 1285160, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 45031 [S.D.N.Y., No. 10–Civ.–7531 (LTS) ] ).

The appellants' remaining contention is without merit. DILLON, J.P., CHAMBERS, AUSTIN and DUFFY, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Gales

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.
Apr 9, 2014
116 A.D.3d 723 (N.Y. App. Div. 2014)

holding that the borrower "did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement" as a defense to foreclosure

Summary of this case from Lopez v. Bayview Loan Servicing, LLC

finding borrowers “did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement”

Summary of this case from Ferguson v. Bank of N.Y. Mellon Corp.

finding the mortgagor "did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's [PSA]"

Summary of this case from U.S. Bank Nat'l Ass'n v. Polhemus

finding defendant mortgagor lacked standing to challenge actions that allegedly violated the subject lender's Policy Service Agreement

Summary of this case from U.S. Bank Nat'l Ass'n v. Riley

affirming the lower court's denial of the defendant mortgagors' motion to dismiss to the foreclosure complaint because the defendants "did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement" because they were not parties to that agreement

Summary of this case from Courchevel 1850 LLC v. 464 Ovington LLC

affirming denial of mortgagor's motion to dismiss foreclosure complaint because they "did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement"

Summary of this case from Lawson v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC

affirming denial of mortgagor's motion to dismiss foreclosure complaint because they "did not have standing to assert noncompliance with the subject lender's pooling service agreement"

Summary of this case from Veal v. Deutsche Bank Nat'l Trust Co.
Case details for

Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Gales

Case Details

Full title:BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, etc., respondent, v. Traci GALES, et al.…

Court:Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department, New York.

Date published: Apr 9, 2014

Citations

116 A.D.3d 723 (N.Y. App. Div. 2014)
116 A.D.3d 723
2014 N.Y. Slip Op. 2402

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