Baer
v.
N.Y.C. H.R.R.R. Co.

Supreme Court, Appellate Term, First DepartmentDec 1, 1913
83 Misc. 88 (N.Y. Misc. 1913)
83 Misc. 88144 N.Y.S. 682

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December, 1913.

Alexander S. Lyman (William Mann, of counsel), for appellant.

House, Grossman Vorhaus (Gerald B. Rosenheim, of counsel), for respondents.


The plaintiffs have recovered a judgment for damages caused by the fact that two cases of gold bronze powder, consigned by them to the Calvert Lithograph Company, were injured by damp or wetness. Obviously the plaintiffs, to sustain the judgment, must show that the cases became damp or wet while in the charge of defendant or a connecting carrier. The evidence shows that the cases were packed in plaintiffs' factory at Stamford, Conn., and shipped to plaintiffs' place of business in New York city. They were examined there by plaintiffs' employees and found in good condition. They were delivered on June seventh to a truckman to be carted to defendant's freight station, and he received a receipt from defendant, stating that the goods were in "apparent good order, contents and condition of contents unknown." They were shipped on a car going to Detroit and arrived in that city on June ninth.

The evidence shows that there was no delay in transit. They were delivered on June 10, 1911, to William Galow, a truckman employed by the T.R. Collins Trucking Company, and they were then apparently in good condition, and a receipt was signed by the truckman stating that they were in good order. The Collins Trucking Company was the authorized truckman for the consignees and delivered the cases to them. When the cases were examined by the consignees they were damp on the outside and wet on the inside.

I think that from the above statement of the testimony it is clear that there is absolutely no evidence that the cases were allowed to become wet or damp before they were delivered to the consignee's truckman. So far as the evidence shows, they were then apparently in the same condition as when received. The mere fact that they were thereafter found to be damaged allows no inference that they were damaged while in the railroad car, in the absence of evidence by the truckman that they did not become damaged while in his possession. The jury's verdict that they were damaged on the railroad, therefore, rests not on proof but on conjecture.

The judgment should be reversed and a new trial ordered, with costs to appellant to abide the event.

PAGE and WHITAKER, JJ., concur.

Judgment reversed and new trial ordered, with costs to appellant to abide event.