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Ayers v. Mohan

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.
Dec 15, 2016
44 N.Y.S.3d 29 (N.Y. App. Div. 2016)

Opinion

12-15-2016

Duvar AYERS, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellants, v. Avinash MOHAN, M.D., et al., Defendants–Respondents, Bruce Zablow, M.D., et al., Defendants.

Wolf & Fuhrman, LLP, Bronx (Carole R. Moskowitz of counsel), for appellants. Brown, Gruttadaro, Gaujean & Prato, PLLC, White Plains (Bridget K. Dahle of counsel), for respondents.


Wolf & Fuhrman, LLP, Bronx (Carole R. Moskowitz of counsel), for appellants.

Brown, Gruttadaro, Gaujean & Prato, PLLC, White Plains (Bridget K. Dahle of counsel), for respondents.

ACOSTA, J.P., ANDRIAS, MOSKOWITZ, GISCHE, WEBBER, JJ.

Order, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Stanley Green, J.), entered June 16, 2015, which granted defendants Avinash Mohan, M.D. and Robert Fekete, M.D.'s motion to dismiss the complaint as against them for failure to serve a notice of claim upon nonparty Westchester County Health Care Corporation, unanimously reversed, on the law, without costs, and the motion denied.

Defendants Mohan and Fekete are physicians employed by New York Medical College who provided medical treatment to plaintiff Duvar Ayers at nonparty Westchester County Medical Center (the medical center). The medical center is maintained by nonparty Westchester County Health Care Corporation (the corporation), a public benefit corporation established by Public Authorities Law (PAL) § 3301 (see also PAL § 3302[3] ).

Defendants failed to demonstrate that plaintiffs were required to serve notice of claim upon the corporation. PAL § 3316(1) provides that notice of claim against the corporation's employees shall be served upon the corporation "within the time limit set by and in compliance with" General Municipal Law § 50–e. "[G]iving effect to the plain meaning [of this statutory language]" (see Commonwealth of the N. Mariana Is. v. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce, 21 N.Y.3d 55, 60, 967 N.Y.S.2d 876, 990 N.E.2d 114 [2013] ), we conclude, contrary to the motion court, that section 3316(1) incorporates all the provisions of General Municipal Law § 50–e, not solely those governing the timing and method of service. General Municipal Law § 50–e(1)(b) provides that, "if an action or special proceeding is commenced against [an employee], but not against the public corporation, service of the notice of claim upon the public corporation shall be required only if the corporation has a statutory obligation to indemnify [the employee]" (emphasis added).

By statute, the corporation is obligated to defend and indemnify an employee in an action arising out of any alleged act or omission that occurred while the employee was acting within the scope of his public employment, "conditioned upon" the employee's delivery to it of a written request for a defense with a copy of the summons and complaint within 10 days after he is served with the complaint (Public Authorities Law § 3318 ; Public Officers Law § 18[3], [4], [5] ).

Defendants failed to establish prima facie that they were employees entitled to indemnification by the corporation, rather than independent contractors, who are excluded from the statutory definition of "employees" (Public Officers Law § 18[1][b] ; see Smith v. Das, 126 A.D.3d 462, 5 N.Y.S.3d 72 [1st Dept.2015] ). Moreover, they failed to show that they delivered to the corporation a written request for indemnification so as to trigger the corporation's statutory obligation (Public Officers Law § 18 [5] ; General Municipal Law § 50–e[1][b] ; see Chambliss v. University Med. Assoc., 137 A.D.3d 1183, 29 N.Y.S.3d 48 [2d Dept.2016] ; Hassan v. Woodhull Hosp. & Med. Ctr., 282 A.D.2d 709, 710–711, 724 N.Y.S.2d 184 [2d Dept.2001] ; cf. Villar v. Howard, 28 N.Y.3d 74, 80–81, 41 N.Y.S.3d 460, 64 N.E.3d 280 [2016] [notice of claim requirement not triggered by non-statutory obligation to indemnify] ).

Our conclusion in this case is consistent with the "important public purpose [of the notice of claim], enabling authorities to promptly investigate the site of an alleged accident and assess municipal exposure to liability" (Brown v. City of New York, 95 N.Y.2d 389, 394, 718 N.Y.S.2d 4, 740 N.E.2d 1078 [2000] ). If the corporation has no potential statutory liability as a result of this action, there is no reason for plaintiffs to serve it with notice of claim.


Summaries of

Ayers v. Mohan

Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.
Dec 15, 2016
44 N.Y.S.3d 29 (N.Y. App. Div. 2016)
Case details for

Ayers v. Mohan

Case Details

Full title:Duvar AYERS, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellants, v. Avinash MOHAN, M.D., et…

Court:Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.

Date published: Dec 15, 2016

Citations

44 N.Y.S.3d 29 (N.Y. App. Div. 2016)
145 A.D.3d 553
2016 N.Y. Slip Op. 8448

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