Argued and Submitted November 3, 2010.
Filed November 23, 2010.
Kristina Hellman, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Federal Public Defender's Office, Portland, OR, for Petitioner-Appellant.
Kathleen Cegla, Assistant Attorney General, Office of the Oregon Attorney General, Salem, OR, for Respondent-Appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Oregon, Owen M. Panner, District Judge, Presiding. D.C. No. 1:07-cv-01284-PA.
This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.
Brian Matthew Aust petitions for habeas relief after being convicted of rape and sentenced to 100 months imprisonment. His petition is subject to the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act. See Furman v. Wood, 190 F.3d 1002, 1004 (9th Cir. 1999). The district court denied Aust's petition. We reverse and direct the district court to grant Aust's petition because we conclude that Aust received ineffective assistance of counsel.
Aust twice moved for mistrial based on the prosecutor's references at trial to Aust's silence during a police interview after Aust was advised of his rights under Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436, 86 S.Ct. 1602, 16 L.Ed.2d 694 (1966). Aust argues the trial court's denial of his motion for mistrial was contrary to Doyle v. Ohio, 426 U.S. 610, 96 S.Ct. 2240, 49 L.Ed.2d 91 (1976), and an unreasonable application of Doyle, Michigan v. Mosley, 423 U.S. 96 (1975), and Connecticut v. Barrett, 479 U.S. 523, 107 S.Ct. 828, 93 L.Ed.2d 920 (1987). Although we conclude that Aust selectively invoked his right to remain silent, and therefore the prosecutor's comments were improper, we hold the trial court's denial of Aust's motion was neither contrary to, nor an unreasonable application of, clearly established federal law given the facts the trial court had before it at the time it made its decision. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d)(1).
If, however, the trial court had had the opportunity to review the transcript of the police interview in question, Aust's selective invocation of his right to remain silent would have been plain. We presume the trial court would have followed the law and disallowed the prosecutor's comments. The court twice expressed to counsel that it was at a disadvantage ruling on the motion for mistrial without having reviewed the transcript of the police interview. We conclude that Aust's attorney's failure to provide the trial court with the transcript constituted deficient performance under Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687, 104 S.Ct. 2052, 80 L.Ed.2d 674 (1984), and that there is a reasonable probability that, but for counsel's errors, the result of the proceeding would have been different, id. at 694, 104 S.Ct. 2052. Because there was competing evidence presented at trial, Aust's credibility was of paramount importance. The prosecutor's repeated comments on Aust's silence, which impugned Aust's credibility, were therefore highly prejudicial to his defense. Accordingly, the district court's denial of Aust's habeas petition is REVERSED. We REMAND to the district court with instructions to grant the petition.