Lawrence W. Rader, New York, for appellant. Amsterdam & Lewinter, LLP, New York (Joseph P. Mitchell of counsel), for respondent.
Lawrence W. Rader, New York, for appellant.
Amsterdam & Lewinter, LLP, New York (Joseph P. Mitchell of counsel), for respondent.
TOM, J.P., SWEENY, MANZANET–DANIELS, CLARK, KAPNICK, JJ.
Opinion Order and judgment (one paper), Supreme Court, New York County (Donna M. Mills, J.), entered October 16, 2014, which, inter alia, granted defendant's cross motion for summary judgment to the extent of dismissing the complaint, and declaring that plaintiff is not entitled to the protection of rent stabilization in connection with his occupancy of the subject apartment, and granted that branch of plaintiff's motion for summary judgment dismissing the counterclaims for sanctions and fraud, unanimously modified, on the law, to deny defendant's cross motion for summary judgment in its entirety, grant summary judgment to plaintiff, declare that plaintiff's tenancy is entitled to rent stabilization protection and otherwise affirmed, without costs. The matter is remanded for calculation of the amount of rent overcharge owed to plaintiff.
The motion court erred in dismissing plaintiff's complaint, and declaring that the apartment is not subject to the Rent Stabilization Law (see Administrative Code of City of N.Y. § 26–504.2[a] ). Although defendant was entitled to a vacancy increase of 20% following the departure of the tenant of record, the increase could not effectuate a deregulation of the apartment since the rent at the time of the tenant's vacatur did not exceed $2,000 (see Rent Stabilization Code [9 NYCRR] §§ 26–504.2, 26–511[c][5–a]; Roberts v. Tishman Speyer Props., L.P., 62 A.D.3d 71, 77, 874 N.Y.S.2d 97 [1st Dept.2009], affd. 13 N.Y.3d 270, 280, 890 N.Y.S.2d 388, 918 N.E.2d 900  ).
Contrary to defendant's contention, both the 2005 stipulation and the 2007 agreement are void and unenforceable as a matter of public policy (see Drucker v. Mauro, 30 A.D.3d 37, 39–40, 814 N.Y.S.2d 43 [1st Dept.2006], lv. dismissed 7 N.Y.3d 844, 823 N.Y.S.2d 772, 857 N.E.2d 67  ; 132132 LLC v. Strasser, 24 Misc.3d 140(A), 899 N.Y.S.2d 61 [App.Term., 1st Dept.2009] ). The 2005 stipulation “purported to fix rent at a sum that exceeded the legal limit” under the Rent Stabilization Code (RSL), since the monthly rent of $2,488.62 exceeded the maximum allowable rent (Jazilek v. Abart Holdings, LLC, 10 N.Y.3d 943, 944, 862 N.Y.S.2d 854, 893 N.E.2d 132  ). Pursuant to the 2007 agreement, plaintiff agreed to “refrain from filing or making any claim of rent overcharge, fair market rent appeal, and any and all other conceivable judicial or administrative proceedings challenging the non regulated status of the [apartment].” Since plaintiff was entitled to a rent-regulated apartment, he could not “waive the protections of the [RSL],” absent satisfaction of the conditions for deregulation (see Gersten v. 56 7th Ave. LLC, 88 A.D.3d 189, 199, 928 N.Y.S.2d 515 [1st Dept.2011], app. withdrawn 18 N.Y.3d 954, 944 N.Y.S.2d 482, 967 N.E.2d 707  ).
Defendant's counterclaims were properly dismissed since the record does not support a finding that plaintiff engaged in any “frivolous” conduct within the meaning of 22 NYCRR § 130–1.1(c)(1) to warrant the imposition of sanctions (see Levy v. Carol Mgt. Corp., 260 A.D.2d 27, 34, 698 N.Y.S.2d 226 [1st Dept.1999] ), and in the absence of any valid agreement, there is no basis to support defendant's fraud claim. We note, in any event, that punitive damages are generally not recoverable in an action for breach of contract, and may be awarded only where the complained of conduct is directed at the public (see Rocanova v. Equitable Life Assur. Socy. of U.S., 83 N.Y.2d 603, 613, 612 N.Y.S.2d 339, 634 N.E.2d 940  ).
We have considered the parties' remaining contentions and find them unavailing.