43 Cited authorities

  1. Apprendi v. New Jersey

    530 U.S. 466 (2000)   Cited 21,807 times   100 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[o]ther than the fact of a prior conviction, any fact that increases the penalty for a crime beyond the prescribed statutory maximum must be submitted to a jury, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt”
  2. Ring v. Arizona

    536 U.S. 584 (2002)   Cited 4,540 times   51 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[i]f a State makes an increase in a defendant's authorized punishment contingent on the finding of a fact, that fact—no matter how the State labels it—must be found by a jury beyond a reasonable doubt”
  3. Atkins v. Virginia

    536 U.S. 304 (2002)   Cited 2,720 times   54 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the execution of mentally retarded offenders violates the Eighth Amendment
  4. In re Winship

    397 U.S. 358 (1970)   Cited 10,370 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a person may not be convicted "except upon proof beyond a reasonable doubt of every fact necessary to constitute the crime with which he is charged"
  5. Sullivan v. Louisiana

    508 U.S. 275 (1993)   Cited 2,821 times   15 Legal Analyses
    Holding that correct inquiry for harmless error review is "whether the guilty verdict actually rendered in this trial was surely unattributable to the error" (second emphasis added)
  6. Gregg v. Georgia

    428 U.S. 153 (1976)   Cited 5,729 times   31 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the death penalty is not per se unconstitutional
  7. Jones v. United States

    526 U.S. 227 (1999)   Cited 1,735 times   19 Legal Analyses
    Holding that § 2119 defines three distinct crimes: simple carjacking, carjacking resulting in serious bodily injury, and carjacking resulting in death
  8. Payne v. Tennessee

    501 U.S. 808 (1991)   Cited 2,383 times   22 Legal Analyses
    Holding that admission of victim impact evidence at death penalty sentencing phase does not per se violate the Eighth Amendment
  9. Boyde v. California

    494 U.S. 370 (1990)   Cited 1,940 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding that Boyde's strength of character in the face of adversity was considered evidence that "excused" the gravity of the crime under factor (k)
  10. Furman v. Georgia

    408 U.S. 238 (1972)   Cited 3,506 times   28 Legal Analyses
    Holding that death penalty cannot be imposed using sentencing procedures that create a risk of arbitrary and discriminatory enforcement
  11. Section 53a-46a - Imposition of sentence for capital felony committed prior to April 25, 2012. Hearing. Special verdict. Mitigating and aggravating factors. Factors barring death sentence

    Conn. Gen. Stat. § 53a-46a   Cited 44 times

    (a) A person shall be subjected to the penalty of death for a capital felony committed prior to April 25, 2012, under the provisions of section 53a-54b in effect prior to April 25, 2012, only if (1) a hearing is held in accordance with the provisions of this section, and (2) such person was eighteen years of age or older at the time the offense was committed. (b) For the purpose of determining the sentence to be imposed when a defendant is convicted of or pleads guilty to a capital felony, the judge