323 Cited authorities

  1. Apprendi v. New Jersey

    530 U.S. 466 (2000)   Cited 21,700 times   100 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[o]ther than the fact of a prior conviction, any fact that increases the penalty for a crime beyond the prescribed statutory maximum must be submitted to a jury, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt”
  2. Blakely v. Washington

    542 U.S. 296 (2004)   Cited 14,042 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[w]hen a judge inflicts punishment that the jury's verdict alone does not allow, the jury has not found all the facts ‘which the law makes essential to the punishment,’ and the judge exceeds his proper authority”
  3. Jackson v. Virginia

    443 U.S. 307 (1979)   Cited 68,611 times   16 Legal Analyses
    Holding that court must presume trier of fact resolved all inferences in favor of the prosecution "even if it does not affirmatively appear in the record"
  4. Estelle v. McGuire

    502 U.S. 62 (1991)   Cited 15,615 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Holding that federal habeas courts cannot review state court applications of state procedural rules
  5. Ring v. Arizona

    536 U.S. 584 (2002)   Cited 4,523 times   51 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[i]f a State makes an increase in a defendant's authorized punishment contingent on the finding of a fact, that fact—no matter how the State labels it—must be found by a jury beyond a reasonable doubt”
  6. Roper v. Simmons

    543 U.S. 551 (2005)   Cited 2,649 times   38 Legal Analyses
    Holding that death sentences for juveniles are unconstitutional
  7. Chapman v. California

    386 U.S. 18 (1967)   Cited 18,592 times   27 Legal Analyses
    Holding that error is harmless only if "harmless beyond a reasonable doubt"
  8. Atkins v. Virginia

    536 U.S. 304 (2002)   Cited 2,708 times   54 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the execution of mentally retarded offenders violates the Eighth Amendment
  9. Darden v. Wainwright

    477 U.S. 168 (1986)   Cited 5,419 times   21 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a defendant may be denied due process if a prosecutor's remarks infect the trial with unfairness
  10. Harmelin v. Michigan

    501 U.S. 957 (1991)   Cited 3,902 times   11 Legal Analyses
    Holding that sentencing court not required to consider mitigating sentencing factors before imposing mandatory life sentence
  11. Rule 8.600 - Renumbered effective April 25, 2019

    Cal. R. 8.600

    Cal. R. Ct. 8.600 Rule 8.600 renumbered as rule 8.603.