187 Cited authorities

  1. Miller-El v. Cockrell

    537 U.S. 322 (2003)   Cited 41,305 times   13 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a petitioner must "show that reasonable jurists could debate whether . . . the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further" (alteration accepted)
  2. United States v. Booker

    543 U.S. 220 (2005)   Cited 22,824 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding the Sentencing Guidelines are advisory
  3. Apprendi v. New Jersey

    530 U.S. 466 (2000)   Cited 22,056 times   100 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[o]ther than the fact of a prior conviction, any fact that increases the penalty for a crime beyond the prescribed statutory maximum must be submitted to a jury, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt”
  4. Blakely v. Washington

    542 U.S. 296 (2004)   Cited 14,134 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[w]hen a judge inflicts punishment that the jury's verdict alone does not allow, the jury has not found all the facts ‘which the law makes essential to the punishment,’ and the judge exceeds his proper authority”
  5. Batson v. Kentucky

    476 U.S. 79 (1986)   Cited 13,604 times   58 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the Equal Protection Clause applies to the use of peremptory strikes
  6. Ring v. Arizona

    536 U.S. 584 (2002)   Cited 4,626 times   51 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[i]f a State makes an increase in a defendant's authorized punishment contingent on the finding of a fact, that fact—no matter how the State labels it—must be found by a jury beyond a reasonable doubt”
  7. Chapman v. California

    386 U.S. 18 (1967)   Cited 19,088 times   28 Legal Analyses
    Holding that error is harmless only if "harmless beyond a reasonable doubt"
  8. Delaware v. Van Arsdall

    475 U.S. 673 (1986)   Cited 6,350 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a restriction on defendant's ability to crossexamine witness in violation of Sixth Amendment was non-structural error
  9. Atkins v. Virginia

    536 U.S. 304 (2002)   Cited 2,793 times   54 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the execution of mentally retarded offenders violates the Eighth Amendment
  10. Arizona v. Fulminante

    499 U.S. 279 (1991)   Cited 4,632 times   21 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the doctrine of harmless error applies to the violation of the defendant’s Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination through the admission at trial of an involuntary confession
  11. Section 1191.1

    Cal. Pen. Code § 1191.1   Cited 19 times
    Permitting victim to appear and reasonably present views concerning the crime, the person responsible, and the need for restitution