50 Cited authorities

  1. Buckley v. Valeo

    424 U.S. 1 (1976)   Cited 3,375 times   36 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a public financing law does not "abridge, restrict, or censor" expression
  2. Perry Ed. Assn. v. Perry Local Educators' Assn

    460 U.S. 37 (1983)   Cited 2,210 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that content-neutral time, place, and manner restrictions on speech must be "narrowly tailored to serve a significant government interest, and leave open ample alternative channels of communication"
  3. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. v. Federal Communications Commission

    512 U.S. 622 (1994)   Cited 1,262 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that rules that distinguish "based only upon the manner in which speakers transmit their messages to viewers, and not upon the messages they carry" are content-neutral
  4. Mcconnell v. F.E.C.

    540 U.S. 93 (2003)   Cited 598 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding BCRA survived exacting scrutiny, given the “important state interests” in “providing the electorate with information, deterring actual corruption and avoiding any appearance thereof, and gathering the data necessary to enforce more substantive electioneering restrictions”
  5. McIntyre v. Ohio Elections Comm'n

    514 U.S. 334 (1995)   Cited 768 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that anonymous speech is constitutionally protected
  6. Bryan v. United States

    524 U.S. 184 (1998)   Cited 611 times   14 Legal Analyses
    Holding that § 924(D) requires knowledge that the conduct is unlawful
  7. N.A.A.C.P. v. Button

    371 U.S. 415 (1963)   Cited 2,186 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that Virginia failed to "justify the broad prohibitions" imposed through a barratry law, but enjoining the statute only as applied to the politically oriented litigating efforts of the NAACP
  8. First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti

    435 U.S. 765 (1978)   Cited 1,065 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that campaign finance law prohibiting certain corporate donations violated the First Amendment
  9. Smith v. Goguen

    415 U.S. 566 (1974)   Cited 1,188 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding statute void-for-vagueness without finding that Goguen's actions constituted protected speech
  10. United States v. Treasury Employees

    513 U.S. 454 (1995)   Cited 551 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding federal-employee honoraria ban unconstitutional
  11. Section 811 - Authority and criteria for classification of substances

    21 U.S.C. § 811   Cited 379 times   37 Legal Analyses
    Authorizing the Attorney General to add substances to, subtract them from, or transfer them between the controlled-substances schedules
  12. Section 437d - Transferred

    2 U.S.C. § 437d   Cited 90 times
    Granting authority to initiate civil enforcement actions
  13. Section 1601 - Findings

    2 U.S.C. § 1601   Cited 14 times   1 Legal Analyses

    The Congress finds that- (1) responsible representative Government requires public awareness of the efforts of paid lobbyists to influence the public decisionmaking process in both the legislative and executive branches of the Federal Government; (2) existing lobbying disclosure statutes have been ineffective because of unclear statutory language, weak administrative and enforcement provisions, and an absence of clear guidance as to who is required to register and what they are required to disclose;

  14. Section 1602 - Definitions

    2 U.S.C. § 1602   Cited 9 times   17 Legal Analyses

    As used in this chapter: (1) Agency The term "agency" has the meaning given that term in section 551(1) of title 5. (2) Client The term "client" means any person or entity that employs or retains another person for financial or other compensation to conduct lobbying activities on behalf of that person or entity. A person or entity whose employees act as lobbyists on its own behalf is both a client and an employer of such employees. In the case of a coalition or association that employs or retains

  15. Section 1603 - Registration of lobbyists

    2 U.S.C. § 1603   Cited 3 times
    Requiring "[e]ach registration" under the Act to contain a statement of "the general issue areas in which the registrant expects to engage in lobbying activities on behalf of the client" and "specific issues that have . . . already been addressed or are likely to be addressed in lobbying activities"
  16. Section 1606 - Penalties

    2 U.S.C. § 1606   Cited 3 times

    (a) Civil penalty Whoever knowingly fails to- (1) remedy a defective filing within 60 days after notice of such a defect by the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of Representatives; or (2) comply with any other provision of this chapter; shall, upon proof of such knowing violation by a preponderance of the evidence, be subject to a civil fine of not more than $200,000, depending on the extent and gravity of the violation. (b) Criminal penalty Whoever knowingly and corruptly fails

  17. Section 1605 - Disclosure and enforcement

    2 U.S.C. § 1605   Cited 2 times

    (a) In general The Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives shall- (1) provide guidance and assistance on the registration and reporting requirements of this chapter and develop common standards, rules, and procedures for compliance with this chapter; (2) review, and, where necessary, verify and inquire to ensure the accuracy, completeness, and timeliness of registration and reports; (3) develop filing, coding, and cross-indexing systems to carry out the purpose of this

  18. Section 1604 - Reports by registered lobbyists

    2 U.S.C. § 1604

    (a) Quarterly report No later than 20 days after the end of the quarterly period beginning on the first day of January, April, July, and October of each year in which a registrant is registered under section 1603 of this title, or on the first business day after such 20th day if the 20th day is not a business day, each registrant shall file a report with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives on its lobbying activities during such quarterly period. A separate report