40 Cited authorities

  1. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett

    477 U.S. 317 (1986)   Cited 189,377 times   29 Legal Analyses
    Holding that there cannot be a genuine issue of material fact where the nonmoving party fails to make a sufficient showing to establish the existence of an essential element
  2. Matsushita Elec. Indus. Co. v. Zenith Radio

    475 U.S. 574 (1986)   Cited 99,156 times   35 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, on summary judgment, antitrust plaintiffs "must show that the inference of conspiracy is reasonable in light of the competing inferences of independent action or collusive action that could not have harmed" them
  3. Farmer v. Brennan

    511 U.S. 825 (1994)   Cited 43,381 times   16 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the official "must both be aware of facts from which the inference could be drawn that a substantial risk of serious harm exists, and he must also draw the inference."
  4. Graham v. Connor

    490 U.S. 386 (1989)   Cited 20,207 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding that among the factors to be considered under the Fourth Amendment's "objective reasonableness" standard are "the severity of the crime at issue, whether the suspect poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officers or others, and whether he is actively resisting arrest or attempting to evade arrest by flight"
  5. Harlow v. Fitzgerald

    457 U.S. 800 (1982)   Cited 27,527 times   11 Legal Analyses
    Holding that public officials are entitled to a "qualified immunity" from "liability for civil damages insofar as their conduct does not violate clearly established . . . rights of which a reasonable person would have known"
  6. Hudson v. McMillian

    503 U.S. 1 (1992)   Cited 14,012 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, to determine whether the force used by a prison official amounts to a constitutional violation, "the core judicial inquiry is . . . whether force was applied in a good-faith effort to maintain or restore discipline, or maliciously and sadistically to cause harm"
  7. Wilson v. Seiter

    501 U.S. 294 (1991)   Cited 12,413 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a conditions-of-confinement claim under the Eighth Amendment requires an inquiry into the prison officials' state of mind
  8. Kentucky v. Graham

    473 U.S. 159 (1985)   Cited 15,205 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "an official-capacity suit is, in all respects other than name, to be treated as a suit against the entity," and that "a plaintiff seeking to recover on a damages judgment in an official-capacity suit must look to the government entity itself"
  9. Whitley v. Albers

    475 U.S. 312 (1986)   Cited 8,814 times
    Holding Eighth Amendment liability requires "more than ordinary lack of due care for the prisoner’s interests or safety"
  10. Malley v. Briggs

    475 U.S. 335 (1986)   Cited 7,840 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Holding law-enforcement officers enjoy only qualified immunity from suit arising from false statements in affidavits made to obtain warrants
  11. Section 1983 - Civil action for deprivation of rights

    42 U.S.C. § 1983   Cited 401,501 times   583 Legal Analyses
    Holding liable any state actor who "subjects, or causes [a person] to be subjected" to a constitutional violation
  12. Section 1997e - Suits by prisoners

    42 U.S.C. § 1997e   Cited 45,047 times   21 Legal Analyses
    Holding that prisoners must exhaust "available" administrative remedies before filing suit in federal court