91 Cited authorities

  1. Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc.

    555 U.S. 7 (2008)   Cited 17,045 times   71 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a plaintiff must establish "that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm"
  2. World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson

    444 U.S. 286 (1980)   Cited 10,893 times   32 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an Oklahoma court could not exercise personal jurisdiction over a car retailer when the retailer's only connection to Oklahoma was the fact that a car sold in New York became involved in an accident in Oklahoma
  3. Younger v. Harris

    401 U.S. 37 (1971)   Cited 16,937 times   14 Legal Analyses
    Holding that it was improper for the district court in that case to enjoin a state prosecution against Younger, in light of "the national policy forbidding federal courts to stay or enjoin pending state court proceedings except under special circumstances"
  4. Wilton v. Seven Falls Co.

    515 U.S. 277 (1995)   Cited 4,323 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that in declaratory judgment actions, district courts have “greater” discretion to abstain than under Colorado River's “exceptional circumstances” test
  5. Sprint Commc'ns, Inc. v. Jacobs

    571 U.S. 69 (2013)   Cited 1,668 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "these three 'exceptional' categories . . . define Younger's scope"
  6. Colorado River Water Cons. Dist. v. U.S.

    424 U.S. 800 (1976)   Cited 8,227 times   13 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, in limited circumstances, federal courts should abstain from deciding a case when there are related proceedings pending in state court
  7. Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno

    454 U.S. 235 (1981)   Cited 4,766 times   11 Legal Analyses
    Holding that potential change in law cannot, by itself, fend off dismissal under forum non conveniens absent showing that new law is "clearly inadequate or unsatisfactory"
  8. Middlesex Ethics Comm. v. Garden State Bar Assn

    457 U.S. 423 (1982)   Cited 4,467 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that because an important state interest was involved and no bad faith, harassment, or other exceptional circumstances dictated to the contrary, federal courts should abstain from interfering with ongoing state bar disciplinary proceedings
  9. Int'l Shoe Co. v. Washington

    326 U.S. 310 (1945)   Cited 22,748 times   109 Legal Analyses
    Holding that states may exercise personal jurisdiction over out-of-state defendants with "certain minimum contacts with [the forum] such that the maintenance of the suit does not offend ‘traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice’ " (quoting Milliken v. Meyer , 311 U.S. 457, 463, 61 S.Ct. 339, 85 L.Ed. 278 (1940) )
  10. Pennzoil Co. v. Texaco Inc.

    481 U.S. 1 (1987)   Cited 2,277 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a federal court may not enjoin execution of a state court judgment pending appeal of that judgment to a state appellate court
  11. Section 1983 - Civil action for deprivation of rights

    42 U.S.C. § 1983   Cited 492,016 times   695 Legal Analyses
    Holding liable any state actor who "subjects, or causes [a person] to be subjected" to a constitutional violation
  12. Section 349 - Deceptive acts and practices unlawful

    N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 349   Cited 4,859 times   107 Legal Analyses
    Granting "any person who has been injured by reason of any violation of this section" the right to "bring an action in his own name"
  13. Section 93A:2 - Unfair practices; legislative intent; rules and regulations

    Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 93A § 2   Cited 1,313 times   18 Legal Analyses
    Granting Massachusetts attorney general the authority to make rules and regulations interpreting section 2
  14. Section 19.86.020 - Unfair competition, practices, declared unlawful

    Wash. Rev. Code § 19.86.020   Cited 828 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Prohibiting "[u]nfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices in the conduct of any trade or commerce"
  15. Section 63 - [Effective 7/19/2024] General duties

    N.Y. Exec. Law § 63   Cited 771 times   39 Legal Analyses
    Specifying that in such circumstances the Attorney General or her deputy will exercise the powers the district attorney “would otherwise” hold, and the district attorney is limited to “exercise[ing] such powers . . . as are required of him by the attorney-general or the deputy attorney-general so attending”
  16. Section 2304 - Motion to quash, fix conditions or modify

    N.Y. CPLR 2304   Cited 706 times
    Governing motions to quash or modify subpoenas, which provides for no stay upon making motion
  17. Section 2308 - Disobedience of subpoena

    N.Y. CPLR 2308   Cited 419 times

    (a) Judicial. Failure to comply with a subpoena issued by a judge, clerk or officer of the court shall be punishable as a contempt of court. If the witness is a party the court may also strike his or her pleadings. A subpoenaed person shall also be liable to the person on whose behalf the subpoena was issued for a penalty not exceeding one hundred fifty dollars and damages sustained by reason of the failure to comply. A court may issue a warrant directing a sheriff to bring the witness into court

  18. Section 352 - Investigation by attorney-general

    N.Y. Gen. Bus. Law § 352   Cited 221 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Observing that in such situations "a witness subpoenaed to appear * * * has no constitutional right to * * * counsel" [supra, at 65]
  19. Section 93A:1 - Definitions

    Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 93A § 1   Cited 167 times
    Defining "trade" and "commerce"
  20. Section 21.20.010 - Unlawful offers, sales, purchases

    Wash. Rev. Code § 21.20.010   Cited 152 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Relating to fraud in the solicitation of the sale of securities
  21. Rule 26 - General Provisions Governing Discovery

    Mass. R. Civ. P. 26   Cited 291 times

    (a)Discovery Methods. Parties may obtain discovery by one or more of the following methods except as otherwise provided in Rule 30(a) and Rule 30A(a), (b): depositions upon oral examination or written questions; written interrogatories; production of documents or things or permission to enter upon land or other property, for inspection and other purposes; physical and mental examinations; and requests for admission. Unless the court orders otherwise, or unless otherwise provided in these rules, the