18 Cited authorities

  1. Illinois Brick Co. v. Illinois

    431 U.S. 720 (1977)   Cited 1,153 times   54 Legal Analyses
    Holding that indirect purchasers cannot recover damages under federal antitrust law
  2. F. Hofpmann-La Roche Ltd. v. Empagran S. A.

    542 U.S. 155 (2004)   Cited 178 times   18 Legal Analyses
    Holding domestic effects exception does not apply where "price-fixing conduct significantly and adversely affects both customers outside the United States and customers within the United States, but the adverse foreign effect is independent of any adverse domestic effect"
  3. Lotes Co. v. Hon Hai Precision Indus. Co.

    753 F.3d 395 (2d Cir. 2014)   Cited 173 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Rejecting the Ninth Circuit's conflation of the two definitions
  4. Glen Holly Entertainment v. Tektronix Inc.

    352 F.3d 367 (9th Cir. 2003)   Cited 233 times
    Holding that "generalized, vague, and unspecific assertions constitute[e] mere 'puffery' upon which a reasonable consumer [cannot] rely."
  5. United States v. LSL Biotechnologies

    379 F.3d 672 (9th Cir. 2004)   Cited 87 times   8 Legal Analyses
    Recognizing Weltover' s definition of direct effects
  6. Wright v. Schock

    742 F.2d 541 (9th Cir. 1984)   Cited 154 times
    Holding that the district court did not abuse its discretion by entertaining, and ultimately granting, a motion for summary judgment prior to a motion for certification because the defendants consented to that procedure and the plaintiffs were not prejudiced
  7. Sandoval v. Ali

    34 F. Supp. 3d 1031 (N.D. Cal. 2014)   Cited 51 times
    Holding "plaintiff must allege specifically both of the elements of alter ego liability, as well as facts supporting each"
  8. Uss-Posco Indust. v. Contra Costa Cty. Bldg

    31 F.3d 800 (9th Cir. 1994)   Cited 85 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a purchaser of the plaintiff's services "clearly falls within" the definition of a non-labor group
  9. Valley v. Johnson

    523 F.3d 1116 (9th Cir. 2008)   Cited 40 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, under Illinois Brick rule, hospital that bought medical supplies from distributor lacked standing, even though price paid by hospital was set partly by GPO-negotiated agreement with manufacturer
  10. United States v. Hui Hsiung

    778 F.3d 738 (9th Cir. 2015)   Cited 23 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding no constructive amendment where the indictment contained facts that "necessarily supported" and "gave fair notice" of the contents of the jury instruction
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 267,561 times   779 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Rule 23 - Class Actions

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 23   Cited 28,069 times   1148 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, to certify a class, the court must find that "questions of law or fact common to class members predominate over any questions affecting only individual members"
  13. Rule 16 - Pretrial Conferences; Scheduling; Management

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 16   Cited 25,061 times   46 Legal Analyses
    Adopting the sanctions authorized by Rule 37(b)