65 Cited authorities

  1. Illinois v. Gates

    462 U.S. 213 (1983)   Cited 15,931 times   27 Legal Analyses
    Holding an affidavit "must provide the magistrate with a substantial basis for determining the existence of probable cause" and that "wholly conclusory" statements about the officer's beliefs are insufficient
  2. Alabama v. White

    496 U.S. 325 (1990)   Cited 2,972 times   11 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "independent corroboration by the police" of an informant's statements bolsters their credibility
  3. Florida v. J. L.

    529 U.S. 266 (2000)   Cited 1,918 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding that anonymous tip that a person is carrying a gun is not sufficiently reliable to justify police officer's stop and frisk of that person
  4. Dunaway v. New York

    442 U.S. 200 (1979)   Cited 3,319 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Holding that probable cause was required where petitioner's detention, though not styled as an arrest, "was in important respects indistinguishable from a traditional arrest"
  5. Spinelli v. United States

    393 U.S. 410 (1969)   Cited 5,318 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the "assertion of police suspicion" cannot save an otherwise insufficient warrant affidavit
  6. Mapp v. Ohio

    367 U.S. 643 (1961)   Cited 7,591 times   21 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the Fourth Amendment, and particularly the exclusionary rule, is applicable to states through the Fourteenth Amendment
  7. Aguilar v. Texas

    378 U.S. 108 (1964)   Cited 6,013 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding affidavit insufficient to support a probable cause determination when it stated that “[a]ffiants have received reliable information from a credible person and do believe” heroin to be in the suspect's home
  8. Draper v. United States

    358 U.S. 307 (1959)   Cited 2,623 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that hearsay may be considered in determining the existence of probable cause, even if it would not be admissible in a criminal trial
  9. Texas v. Cobb

    532 U.S. 162 (2001)   Cited 494 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a defendant's statements regarding uncharged offenses, without his attorney present, were admissible notwithstanding his right to counsel on other charged offenses
  10. People v. De Bour

    40 N.Y.2d 210 (N.Y. 1976)   Cited 2,064 times   6 Legal Analyses
    In People v. LaPene, 352 N.E.2d 562 (N.Y. 1976), the New York Court of Appeals laid out a sliding scale of justifiable police intrusion, short of probable cause to arrest, which specified three distinct levels of intrusion correlating the allowable intensity of police conduct to the nature and weight of the facts precipitating the intrusion.