42 Cited authorities

  1. Fiscal Equity v. State

    86 N.Y.2d 307 (N.Y. 1995)   Cited 421 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Noting that Article XI requires state to provide "minimally adequate" facilities to all public schools
  2. C.L. v. Scarsdale Union Free Sch. Dist.

    744 F.3d 826 (2d Cir. 2014)   Cited 67 times
    Holding that a student's least restrictive environment "remains a consideration that bears upon a parent's choice of an alternative placement and may be considered by the hearing officer in determining whether the placement was appropriate," but that "parents . . . may not be subject to the same mainstreaming . . . requirements as a school board"
  3. Kolbe v. Tibbetts

    2013 N.Y. Slip Op. 8290 (N.Y. 2013)   Cited 65 times
    Rejecting interpretation that "both conflicts with the most natural reading of the sentence and renders meaningless the [subject contractual] provision"
  4. Campaign for Fiscal Equity v. State of N.Y

    100 N.Y.2d 893 (N.Y. 2003)   Cited 76 times
    Adopting standard of adequacy
  5. John v. Portville Central Sch. Dist

    2009 N.Y. Slip Op. 2645 (N.Y. 2009)   Cited 62 times
    Instructing courts to read contracts as a whole and not place “undue emphasis” upon particular words or phrases
  6. Campaign for Fiscal Equity, Inc. v. State

    2006 N.Y. Slip Op. 8630 (N.Y. 2006)   Cited 60 times
    Observing that three alternative student performance criteria were included in choosing the qualifying schools in the successful schools model
  7. Bd. of Educ. of the City Sch. Dist. of the City of New York v. Tom F. ex rel. Gilbert F.

    552 U.S. 1 (2007)   Cited 2 times
    In Jointer v. United States, 552 U.S. 1o90, 128 S. Ct. 855 (2008), the Supreme Court vacated and remanded Jointer's case to the Seventh Circuit for further consideration in light of Kimbrough v. United States, 552 U.S.85, 128 S.Ct. 558, 169 L. Ed.2d 481 (2007).
  8. In re Shenendehowa Cent. Sch. Dist. Bd. of Educ.

    2013 N.Y. Slip Op. 885 (N.Y. 2013)   Cited 17 times

    2013-02-12 In the Matter of the Arbitration between SHENENDEHOWA CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT BOARD OF EDUCATION, Appellant, and CIVIL SERVICE EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION, INC., Local 1000, AFSCME, AFL–CIO, Local 864, et al., Respondents. Whiteman Osterman & Hanna LLP, Albany (Beth A. Bourassa of counsel), for appellant. Daren J. Rylewicz, Albany, for respondents. Whiteman Osterman & Hanna LLP, Albany (Beth A. Bourassa of counsel), for appellant. Daren J. Rylewicz, Albany, for respondents. Jay Worona, Latham

  9. East Meadow Union Free School District v. New York State Division of Human Rights

    65 A.D.3d 1342 (N.Y. App. Div. 2009)   Cited 18 times   1 Legal Analyses
    In East Meadow, the Second Department found that a school district is not an “ ‘[e]ducation corporation or association’ within the meaning of Executive Law § 296(4)” (East Meadow, 65 A.D.2d at 1344).
  10. N. Syracuse Cent. Sch. Dist. v. N.Y. State Div. of Human Rights

    2012 N.Y. Slip Op. 4668 (N.Y. 2012)   Cited 15 times

    2012-06-12 In the Matter of NORTH SYRACUSE CENTRAL SCHOOL DISTRICT, Appellant, v. NEW YORK STATE DIVISION OF HUMAN RIGHTS, Respondent. In the Matter of Ithaca City School District, Appellant, v. New York State Division of Human Rights et al., Respondents. Law Firm of Frank W. Miller, East Syracuse (Frank W. Miller and Bryan Georgiady of counsel), for appellant in the first above-entitled proceeding. Bond, Schoeneck & King, PLLC, Syracuse (Jonathan B. Fellows of counsel), for appellant in the second

  11. Section 1400 - Short title; findings; purposes

    20 U.S.C. § 1400   Cited 5,721 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Finding that disabled children were being "excluded entirely from the public school system and from being educated with their peers"
  12. Section 6301 - Statement of purpose

    20 U.S.C. § 6301   Cited 172 times
    Stating that one purpose of the NCLB is "holding schools, [school districts], and States accountable for improving the academic achievement of all students"
  13. Section 305 - General powers and duties

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 305   Cited 68 times

    The commissioner of education is hereby charged with the following powers and duties: 1. He is the chief executive officer of the state system of education and of the board of regents. He shall enforce all general and special laws relating to the educational system of the state and execute all educational policies determined upon by the board of regents. 2. He shall have general supervision over all schools and institutions which are subject to the provisions of this chapter, or of any statute relating

  14. Section 1804 - Board of education; election; powers and duties

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 1804   Cited 27 times

    1. Each such central school district shall be managed by a board of education consisting of five, seven or nine members, which board shall have the same powers and duties as boards of education in union free school districts as prescribed by this chapter. Except as provided in this article, all the provisions of this chapter or of any other general law relating to or affecting union free school districts shall apply to central districts organized as herein provided. The corporate existence of any

  15. Section 2023 - Levy of tax for certain purposes without vote; contingency budget

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 2023   Cited 8 times

    1. If the qualified voters shall neglect or refuse to vote the sum estimated necessary for teachers' salaries, after applying thereto the public school moneys, and other moneys received or to be received for that purpose, or if they shall neglect or refuse to vote the sum estimated necessary for ordinary contingent expenses, including the purchase of library books and other instructional materials associated with a library and expenses incurred for interschool athletics, field trips and other extracurricular

  16. Section 1716 - Estimated expenses for ensuing year

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 1716   Cited 7 times

    1. It shall be the duty of the board of education of each district to present at the annual budget hearing a detailed statement in writing of the amount of money which will be required for the ensuing year for school purposes, specifying the several purposes and the amount for each. The amount for each purpose estimated necessary for payments to boards of cooperative educational services shall be shown in full, with no deduction of estimated state aid. The amount of state aid provided and its percentage

  17. Section 3651 - Reserve fund

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 3651   Cited 6 times

    1. A reserve fund may be established by the school authorities of any school district, provided, however, that no such fund shall be established (a) until approved by a majority vote of the qualified voters of the district voting on a proposition therefor submitted at a regular or special school district meeting, or in school districts which do not have such meetings, at an election called for such purpose, and (b) unless the notice of such meeting or election shall have stated that a proposition

  18. Section 2023-A - Limitations upon school district tax levies

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 2023-A   Cited 5 times

    1. Generally. Unless otherwise provided by law, the amount of taxes that may be levied by or on behalf of any school district, other than a city school district of a city with one hundred twenty-five thousand inhabitants or more, shall not exceed the tax levy limit established pursuant to this section, not including any tax levy necessary to support the expenditures pursuant to subparagraphs (i) through (iv) of paragraph i of subdivision two of this section. 2. Definitions. As used in this section:

  19. Section 2022 - Vote on school district budgets and on the election of school district trustees and board of education members

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 2022   Cited 4 times

    1. Notwithstanding any law, rule or regulation to the contrary, the election of trustees or members of the board of education, and the vote upon the appropriation of the necessary funds to meet the estimated expenditures, in any common school district, union free school district, central school district or central high school district shall be held at the annual meeting and election on the third Tuesday in May, provided, however, that such election shall be held on the second Tuesday in May if the

  20. Section 2601-A - Procedures for adoption of school budgets in small city school districts

    N.Y. Educ. Law § 2601-A   Cited 1 times

    1. The board of education of each city school district subject to this article shall provide for the submission of a budget for approval of the voters pursuant to the provisions of this section and in accordance with the requirements set forth in section two thousand twenty-three-a of this title. 2. The board of education shall conduct all annual and special school district meetings for the purpose of adopting a school district budget in the same manner as a union free school district in accordance

  21. Section 202.59 - Tax assessment review proceedings in counties outside the City of New York; special rules

    N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 22 § 202.59   Cited 156 times

    (a) Applicability. This section shall apply to every tax assessment review proceeding brought pursuant to title 1 of article 7 of the Real Property Tax Law in counties outside the City of New York. (b) Statement of income and expenses. Before the note of issue and certificate of readiness may be filed, the petitioner shall have served on the respondent, in triplicate, a statement that the property is not income-producing, or a copy of a verified or certified statement of the income and expenses on

  22. Section 170.9 - School district budgets and financial reports

    N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 8 § 170.9

    (a) Commencing with proposed budgets for the 1997-98 school year, budget documents prepared by common, central, union free, and city school districts in cities having 125,000 inhabitants or less for distribution to the public in connection with annual district meetings, budget hearings, and budget elections shall be written in plain language and organized in a manner which best promotes public comprehension of the contents. The documents shall be complete and accurate and contain sufficient detail