24 Cited authorities

  1. Terry v. Ohio

    392 U.S. 1 (1968)   Cited 34,186 times   73 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a police officer who has reasonable suspicion of criminal activity may conduct a brief investigative stop
  2. Michigan v. Long

    463 U.S. 1032 (1983)   Cited 3,281 times   20 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "the search of the passenger compartment of an automobile . . . is permissible if the police officer possesses a reasonable belief based on specific and articulable facts which, taken together with the rational inferences from those facts, reasonably warrant the officers in believing that the suspect is dangerous and the suspect may gain immediate control of weapons"
  3. People v. Bigelow

    66 N.Y.2d 417 (N.Y. 1985)   Cited 731 times   1 Legal Analyses
    In People v Bigelow (66 N.Y.2d 417), this Court declined to apply the good-faith exception to the exclusionary adopted by the Supreme Court in United States v Leon (468 U.S. 897).
  4. People v. Ingle

    36 N.Y.2d 413 (N.Y. 1975)   Cited 610 times
    In People v Ingle (36 N.Y.2d 413, supra), this Court discussed the reasonableness of "routine safety checks" undertaken by the State Police pursuant to Vehicle and Traffic Law § 390 in which the police temporarily detained vehicles to determine whether they were "being operated in compliance with the Vehicle and Traffic Law" (id., at 415).
  5. People v. Robinson

    74 N.Y.2d 773 (N.Y. 1989)   Cited 202 times

    Argued May 31, 1989 Decided July 11, 1989 Appeal from the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court in the Second Judicial Department, William Garry, J. Amy Donner and Philip L. Weinstein for appellant. Elizabeth Holtzman, District Attorney (Elizabeth S. Ostrow and Barbara D. Underwood of counsel), for respondent. MEMORANDUM. The order of the Appellate Division affirming the judgment of conviction and the denial of suppression should be affirmed. The Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution

  6. People v. Torres

    74 N.Y.2d 224 (N.Y. 1989)   Cited 201 times   3 Legal Analyses
    In People v. Torres (74 N.Y.2d 224, 226), we explained that "[a] police officer acting on reasonable suspicion that criminal activity is afoot and on an articulable basis to fear for his own safety may intrude upon the person or personal effects of the suspect only to the extent that is actually necessary to protect himself from harm."
  7. People v. Garcia

    2012 N.Y. Slip Op. 8670 (N.Y. 2012)   Cited 101 times   2 Legal Analyses
    In Garcia, where the Court of Appeals affirmed the Appellate Division's determination that the police lacked the requisite founded suspicion when, upon stopping a vehicle for a mere defective brake light, an officer asked if any of the occupants had a weapon (see People v Garcia, 20 NY3d at 324).
  8. People v. Sierra

    83 N.Y.2d 928 (N.Y. 1994)   Cited 157 times   1 Legal Analyses
    In Sierra, we found no reasonable suspicion to pursue a fleeing defendant where “the officers knew only that, after exiting from the back seat of a livery cab that had been stopped for defective brake lights, defendant grabbed at his waistband” (id. [emphasis added]).
  9. People v. Batista

    88 N.Y.2d 650 (N.Y. 1996)   Cited 128 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Defining a “frisk” as a “pat down of the outer clothing of a suspect”
  10. People v. McIntosh

    96 N.Y.2d 521 (N.Y. 2001)   Cited 92 times
    In McIntosh, the Appellate Division, 274 A.D. 2d at 741-742, held that suspicion that a location is a known drug source of narcotics is sufficient articulable reason for the interdiction.