22 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 176,801 times   246 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations must "allow[] the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged"
  2. Canton v. Harris

    489 U.S. 378 (1989)   Cited 12,669 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the city could be held liable for failing to train police officers in determining whether detainees needed medical care because of the likelihood that, absent proper training, the officers would default on their constitutional obligations
  3. Fogerty v. Fantasy, Inc.

    510 U.S. 517 (1994)   Cited 2,276 times   29 Legal Analyses
    Holding that under the Copyright Act fee-shifting statute, 17 U.S.C. § 505, defendants and plaintiffs are to be treated the same, contrary to the Court's interpretation of § 1988
  4. Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Corp.

    429 U.S. 252 (1977)   Cited 3,612 times   6 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "official action will not be held unconstitutional solely because it results in a racially disproportionate impact. . . . Proof of racially discriminatory intent or purpose is required to show a violation of the Equal Protection Clause."
  5. U.S. v. Ritchie

    342 F.3d 903 (9th Cir. 2003)   Cited 2,543 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a court may "consider certain materials—documents attached to the complaint, documents incorporated by reference in the complaint, or matters of judicial notice—without converting the motion to dismiss into a motion for summary judgment"
  6. McHenry v. Renne

    84 F.3d 1172 (9th Cir. 1996)   Cited 3,088 times
    Holding complaint violates Rule 8 where it lacks "simplicity, conciseness and clarity as to whom [a plaintiff is] suing for what wrongs"
  7. Jones v. Blanas

    393 F.3d 918 (9th Cir. 2004)   Cited 2,028 times
    Holding for the first time that an SVP detainee "is entitled to conditions of confinement that are not punitive"
  8. Fantasy, Inc. v. Fogerty

    984 F.2d 1524 (9th Cir. 1993)   Cited 1,079 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the district court properly struck lengthy, stale and previously litigated factual allegations to streamline the action
  9. Awabdy v. City of Adelanto

    368 F.3d 1062 (9th Cir. 2004)   Cited 448 times
    Holding that the "presumption of prosecutorial independence does not bar a subsequent § 1983 claim against state or local officials who improperly exerted pressure on the prosecutor, knowingly provided misinformation to him, concealed exculpatory evidence, or otherwise engaged in wrongful or bad faith conduct that was actively instrumental in causing the initiation of legal proceedings"
  10. Jablon v. Dean Witter Co.

    614 F.2d 677 (9th Cir. 1980)   Cited 701 times
    Holding complaint may be dismissed on statute of limitations grounds where allegations therein, even when read with required liberality, would not permit plaintiff to prove statute was tolled
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 248,606 times   651 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Section 945.6

    Cal. Gov. Code § 945.6   Cited 430 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Setting forth time limitations for commencing action against public entity
  13. Section 945.3

    Cal. Gov. Code § 945.3   Cited 135 times
    Tolling the statute of limitations during the period that charges are pending before a superior court