110 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 176,801 times   246 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations must "allow[] the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged"
  2. Bell Atl. Corp. v Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 193,992 times   329 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint must contain sufficient facts to "state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face"
  3. Farmer v. Brennan

    511 U.S. 825 (1994)   Cited 41,348 times   15 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a factfinder can conclude that a prison official was aware of a serious risk if the risk was obvious
  4. Monell v. New York City Dept. of Social Services

    436 U.S. 658 (1978)   Cited 51,368 times   13 Legal Analyses
    Holding municipality may be liable under § 1983 for an unconstitutional policy or custom
  5. Ashcroft v. Al-Kidd

    563 U.S. 731 (2011)   Cited 5,701 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, to be clearly established, "existing precedent must have placed the statutory or constitutional question beyond debate"
  6. Estelle v. Gamble

    429 U.S. 97 (1976)   Cited 41,821 times   6 Legal Analyses
    Holding that deliberate indifference to a convicted prisoner's serious medical needs constitutes cruel and unusual punishment in violation of Eighth Amendment
  7. Board of Comm'rs of Bryan County v. Brown

    520 U.S. 397 (1997)   Cited 9,224 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding a lesser causation standard embroils "serious federalism concerns" and permits "municipal liability [to] collapse[] into respondeat superior liability."
  8. Canton v. Harris

    489 U.S. 378 (1989)   Cited 12,669 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the city could be held liable for failing to train police officers in determining whether detainees needed medical care because of the likelihood that, absent proper training, the officers would default on their constitutional obligations
  9. Bell v. Wolfish

    441 U.S. 520 (1979)   Cited 13,750 times   10 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the government may subject a pretrial detainee to restrictions and conditions of confinement without triggering procedural due process protection so long as such measures don't amount to punishment
  10. Mullenix v. Luna

    136 S. Ct. 305 (2015)   Cited 2,050 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding our court erred in our extrapolation of Garner to new facts
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 248,606 times   651 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Section 1367 - Supplemental jurisdiction

    28 U.S.C. § 1367   Cited 44,823 times   71 Legal Analyses
    Holding that in civil actions proceeding in federal court based solely on diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, the district court "shall not have supplemental jurisdiction" over "claims by plaintiffs against persons made parties under Rule . . . 24" or "over claims by persons . . seeking to intervene as plaintiffs under Rule 24," if "exercising supplemental jurisdiction over such claims would be inconsistent with the jurisdictional requirements of section 1332"
  13. Section 25-29-103 - Denver health and hospital authority

    Colo. Rev. Stat. § 25-29-103   Cited 7 times

    (1) There is hereby created the Denver health and hospital authority, which shall be a body corporate and a political subdivision of the state, which shall not be an agency of the state or local government, and which shall not be subject to administrative direction or control by any department, commission, board, bureau, or agency of state or local government. (2) Prior to July 1, 2016, the authority shall be governed by a nine-member board of directors, and on and after July 1, 2016, the authority