Giving a cop the finger, although universally now recognized as protected speech, was reasonable suspicion for a stop for disorderly conduct. [The dissent has the far better argument, here. The majority is just wrong, and cites cases that prove it.] State v. EllisState v. EllisState v. Ellis, 2019 N.C. App. LEXIS 713 (Aug 20, 2019).
The officer did not use excessive force, at least for qualified immunity purposes, because plaintiff was known to have fled police before, dragging an officer then, and this time he was boxed in, locked himself in his vehicle, and then drove at the officer who shot and killed him. Goldston v. Anderson, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 25435 (5th Cir. Aug. 23, 2019).*