Haynes v. Gay
Dallas Court of Appeals, No. 05-17-00136-CV (February 8, 2018)
Justices Lang-Miers (Opinion linked
here), Fillmore, and Stoddart
In a restricted appeal, reversible error must be “apparent on the face of the record,” which includes “all papers on file in the appeal, including the clerk’s record and any reporter’s record.” Nevertheless, the “scope of review” is the same as in an ordinary appeal. It extends to “the entire case” and “includes review of legal and factual insufficiency claims.”
Here, the evidence at trial—on the face of the record—unequivocally established that Skygroup, LLC was the contracting party and that the breaches of contract occurred before Skygroup forfeited its charter. Under T
ODE § 101.114, the Hayneses were not liable for the LLC’s debts and obligations incurred before its demise—including the breach of its contract with Gay. As members of the LLC, they could be liable only for its debts created or incurred after its charter was forfeited, under T
ODE § 171.255(a). Even though Skygroup’s charter lapsed before trial and judgment, the appeals court concluded that the date of contract or breach, rather than the date of judgment, established the date of the debt at issue for purposes of §§ 101.114 and 171.255(a). So, the Court reversed and rendered judgment for the Hayneses.