Natural disasters are something that many don’t think about until it’s too late, particularly in the context of their business obligations, but as extreme winds, wildfires, and power outages continue to pick up in California, employers should consider what obligations exist as to their employees and employment law.
Sending Employees Home
Reporting time rules require that nonexempt employees who report to work but are given less than half of their usual day’s work must be paid for half their usual day’s work at their regular rate — at least two hours of pay (but no more than four hours of pay). However, reporting time requirements for nonexempt employees do not apply to certain events outside of the employer’s control, such as when operations cannot begin or continue due to threats to employees or property; when public utilities fail to supply electricity, water, or gas, or if there is a failure in the public utilities or sewer system; or when the interruption of work is caused by an Act of God.
An exempt employee must be paid for the full day on a day that they perform any work. In addition, even if a business was shut down for an entire day, an exempt employee must still be paid for the week if they performed any work during that workweek, and was ready, able, and willing to work on the day of the shutdown.
Employees Unable to Come Into Work
If an employer is open for business, an exempt employee’s absence caused by transportation difficulties during “severe weather” can be considered an absence for personal reasons. Accordingly, if an exempt employee does not work an employer may require an exempt employee to use accrued vacation or PTO for the full day that he or she fails to report to work. The employer may deduct an exempt employee’s salary for the full day (i.e. leave without pay) from the exempt employee’s wages only if the exempt employee is unable to get to work at all that day, performs no work at home, and the employee has exhausted all available vacation or PTO — even a partial day of work requires full payment to the employee, as discussed above.
For nonexempt employees, they simply need not be paid for time they have not worked — if they are unable to come into work, they will not be paid.
This broad snapshot demonstrates that even though a natural disaster may be beyond your control, how your business reacts to it is not. Please contact your usual employment counsel at Atkinson, Andelson, Loya, Ruud & Romo if you have questions regarding your liabilities and responsibilities in the possible event of natural disasters that impact the workplace.
This AALRR publication is intended for informational purposes only and should not be relied upon in reaching a conclusion in a particular area of law. Applicability of the legal principles discussed may differ substantially in individual situations. Receipt of this or any other AALRR publication does not create an attorney-client relationship. The Firm is not responsible for inadvertent errors that may occur in the publishing process.